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Guy Pignolet de Sainte Rose, PhD.
Ingenieur CNES (French Space Agency)
Secretaire de la CASAF (Aero-Club de France)
tel +33 1 44 76 77 09 / fax +33 1 44 76 79 59 (Paris Office)
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  1. N20 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  2. N19 special flash SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  3. N19 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  4. N18 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  5. N17 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  6. N16 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  7. N15 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  8. N14 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  9. N13 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  10. N12 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  11. N11 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  12. N10 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  13. N9 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  14. N8 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  15. N7 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  16. N6 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  17. N5 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  18. N4 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  19. N3 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  20. N2 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE
  21. N1 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE







N20 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 27 October 1997

A) Press clips
Space News, the world's weekly for space professionals, has published a short article on Sputnik PS/2 in its 20-26 October 1997 issue. It was illustrated with a picture of the prototype, in the hands of Gerard Auvray, taken at the 1997 Paris Air Show.

Air & Cosmos, in a page written by Albert Ducrocq, presents reflections and comparisons between Sputnik-1 in 1957 and Sputnik PS2 in 1997, under the title "40 years of revolutions".

Spoutnik Magazine (Toulouse, France), in a special September/November 1997 issue about "Sputnik", publishes on page 42, the call issued by Aero-Club de France for personal stories about the great event of the launch of Sputnik-1, first artificial satellite of the Earth.

B) College Reydellet goes to Moscow
Jean-Paul Marodon, Head of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, tells about the trip to Moscow with 5 young students of the "Sputnik 40 Years" Project.

Tuesday 7 October 1997
Arriving in Moscow without any problem. We are now used to the place. Custom and police formalities go smoothly, but no one is waiting for us outside, and taxis offer to take us to Moscow. Waiting ends with the arrival of Nathalie Pottier who explains that the journalists of French TV RFO had problems to take out their equipment. It is 8 p.m. when we take the bus to go to the RKK Energia guest house in Kaliningrad/Korolev .

After a welcome by Victor Kourilov and the delegation of Russian students, each of us receives a small gift from Moscow. Installation goes fast, because we already know the place. The rooms have not been used in our absence, and now is seems that the guest house is empty. It's a little bit warmer than during our first stay because heating is on. Outside, the trees have lost almost all their leaves and taken their winter dress. No snow however.

Wednesday 8 October 1997
Departure of the whole delegation to visit Star City. The roads are very much crowded and a few hundred meters after the Center, we run into roadwork and have to make a 2-hour detour in an incredible traffic jam, because we find also roadwork on the detour.

Finally, we arrive in Zvezsdnii Gorodok : Star City. The Colonel who welcomes us is very sympathetical and organises our visit with great mastery. One cosmonaut joins in to welcome us. 6000 persons live in the City which is a small town. For the first time, it opens to young French junior high school students.

The main building houses the flight training center with diverse simulators. Pilot-cosmonaut A. Afanassiev and his flight engineer are training in the Soyuz TM simulator. He welcomes us with open arms to our great surprise, because the training of the cosmonauts appears to be somewhat confidential and usually they do not like to be disturbed in order to keep their concentration.

After the unavoidable photo session, we are led to the MIR simulator. From the control desk our Colonel explains all the technical details of the Space Station. Now be beginning understanding the operation of MIR, but it is a great emotion to see the elements full scale.

Later during the visit, we can have a close look at the different element, and of course a session of photos. Our young students are disciplined and listen to the explanations with great attention. They ask questions and the Colonel gives many new details.

Facing the water pool where the have reconstituted the accident of the MIR space station, he explains the next technical EVA by the cosmonauts and the modifications in the electronics that the engineers must realise to improve the performance of the diverse operations.

The visit ends with the Centrifuge which is truly huge. It is powered by a direct electrical line, and when it is turned on, there are power cuts in other parts of Moscow. From the momentum, after the end of training, it is possible to recover 80% of the used energy, through a generator which is coupled to the Centrifuge. The dynamic shape of the system does not create any pressure increase, but violent air flow which have to be controlled by vents in the roof. The young person in charge tells that when the equipment was operated for the first time, many plastic tiles got loose from the floor.

In the reception hall, we meet other cosmonauts who are happy to learn that in La Reunion, there is so much interest for their work. They encourage our young students to continue scientific studies and to possibly join them.

After dinner taken at the Center with other Russian friends, we visit the Museum of Star City. We have in mind the description given by Claudie Andre-Deshays in her book " A French woman in Space " (in French), when we enter Gagarine's office, the place where the cosmonauts come to meditate and to sign the book before they depart for Baïkonour.

Returning to our temporary home in Korolev goes rather fast.

Thursday 9 October 1997
8 a.m. : we have the pleasure to see again Serguei Sambourov, who takes us to his native city, where the Russian cosmonautics began. We are in the cradle of the conquest of space : Kalouga. The bus travels across large plains where the horizon is marked by lines of fields or trees. The road is a long one, and a rough one too. Soon we shall be escorted by police cars that open the road for us, and we can progress more rapidly. However we are late, and it is 11 a.m. when we enter Kalouga.

The town is a small city located on the rim of an artificial lake. We stop at the Monument to the memory of Tsiolkovski (Serguei's grand-father), before we visit the space monument in the center of the city. Serguei's mother waits for us in front of her house, and the young students rush into the living-room where the furniture is quite similar to what we have in La Reunion. She offers us apples, but after the interview, we have to go. She comes with us at the school where her father was teaching Mathematics and Physics. The school has set up an educational museum where we are led by a student who speaks Russian. We answer the welcome speech, and after exchanging flags and pins, we sign the guest book.. some twenty students of the school are learning French, but we could only meet the teacher and one of his students.

After dinner at the restaurant where we eat borchtch, we go to Tsiolkovski's house, that one he bought to install his workshop. It is much visited by students who come from all over the country. The so-called "skies' gate", an opening in the roof of the workshop, enabled the scientist to use his telescope to observe the stars. It is shown to all the students who visit.

The team then goes to the burial place of the great man, and there is a moment of meditation, when everyone lays a red carnation, which is the flower of remembrance in Russia. After a picture in front of the Vostok rocket that stands in front of the museum located at the other hand of the park, the assistant of the curator welcomes us. She speaks French, and in spite of the late hour, she shows us the collections of the largest space museum in the Federation. The exhibits are either prototypes or full scale models. We also discover a large number of space ships that were sent to the Moon to bring us a wealth of information.

At the end of this very educational visit, we officially give a Sputnik 40 Years display model to the Museum. It will join the model of the first Sputnik in the first hall and will welcome the visitors. At night, returning to Moscow seems to go faster. Everyone is thinking of the video encounter with Space Station MIR on the next day.

Friday 10 October 1997
TSUP, the Space Flight Control Center of Space Station MIR, is not very far from the guest house where we stay, and at 11 a.m., a bus takes us there. Mr. Latichev, who is responsible for Public Relations at TSUP welcomes us and tells us about the program of our encounter that will take place in the afternoon : after a visit of the place, we shall have a contact with MIR around 3 p.m. . We take our lunch in the Center's cafeteria in order to waste no time, because the rendez-vous schedule is strict.

At the said time, our team is sitting in the control center. On the large central screen we can see the spot of light that indicates the MIR Space Station. It was flying over Patagonia and the trajectory leading towards Russia was crossing over the Atlantic Ocean and Africa. The contact began without really noticing. It was hard to believe that the 2 cosmonauts on the screen were inside the space station. There was a big applause in the control room when Commander Soloviev went to take the micro-satellite and presented it in weightlessness in front of the camera. For a good half-hour there were then questions from the students and from the VIP's. Then, after a good-bye, the transmission stopped as it had begun. We had to leave room for the transmission of the numerical data of the flight. Our young students have then understood all the importance of the event in which they had taken part, and shown their great emotion to the various journalists who were now asking them questions.

There was then a press conference, directed by Mr. Kourilov, which allowed us to meet with the partners who have helped us from the Russian side. The first high-school non-governmental micro-satellite programme is a full success, even if the finance is not totally sorted out. A follow-up of the space program for the youth is then presented. It could certainly lead to extended developments of exchanges between our two countries.

We leave after handing Reydellet College's flag to the Director of TSUP to thank him for his welcome and for the unforgettable day that the students have experienced.

Saturday 11 October 1997
The scientific part of the programme is almost completed. The scheduled visit at MAI will be only possible on Monday, just before departure. V. Kourilov proposes a visit of Moscow. We begin with the Izmailovski Park. The lively marketplace offers opportunities to see Russian craftsmanship and matriochkas, in all sorts of sizes, all sorts of colors. The temptation is great, but there are also scores of other painted woodcraft, or metal or earthware...

Time flows rather quickly. After lunch, it was raining again, it did not help during the visit of the city. However, we stroll along the alleys in the Movodevitchi monastery, and the students discover the architecture of orthodox churches. We admire the flamboyant colors of the century-old trees that adorn the park.

The visit in the Metro is an important moment. The most beautiful metro in the world is up to its reputation. We have admired the marmor walls, the sculptures, the mosaics, the silver and crystal candlelight's. The high speed of the trains enables large crowds to move swiftly across the city.

Our visit of Moscow ends under heavy rains that drive us quickly into the bus. In Moscow, our team has met with sun, snow, hail and rain...

Sunday 12 October 1997
Yesterday's rain has cleared the skies which have turned steady blue. It is cold and the visit of Moscow continues through the Arbat Street, well known for its street shows. It was too early to see them, but the shopkeepers were beginning to set up their installations, to the great enjoyment of the students. Putshikin, the writer, was living in this street, and his house is much visited. The people here are different from the ones in Park Izmaïlovsky, and several shopkeepers can speak French. This is a place for tourists.

The visit of the church of Christ-the-Savior is only possible from the outside, since like many religious places in the city, it is being renovated. It is built on the place of the largest open air swimming pool in Europe. The first stone was laid on the 7 January 1995, and 3000 workers work here night and day. They carve marmor in front of the visitors, and the result is magnificent. The building is made of white marmor topped with golden domes that shine in the sun.

After lunch, V. Kourilov takes us to Moscow's University. This building, with its Stalin era architecture, is standing on a small hill from where it is possible to see the whole city. The place in front of the University had recently been selected by Jean-Michel Jarre for his public concert in the honor of the 850th anniversary of Moscow.

While returning to the city, our team visits the Red Square, and especially the Kremlin Wall. Here culture meets with space projects when our delegation stops for a silent meditation in front of the ashes of the great hero Youri Gagarine.

The rest of the evening was dedicated to a show : V. Kurilov and the Russian Astronautical Federation take us to the Bolshoi to attend performance of the "Golden Rooster", a playwright by Putshkin with a music by Rimski Korsakov. The hall is splendid and the students, even if they did not understand the words, were fascinated by the magic performance.

Monday 13 October 1997
This is the last day of our visit in Russia. Moscow is under a bright sun. To our programme, before taking off, we have the visit of MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute). There is a lot of emotion when we say farewell to the person who took care of us during our whole stay in Russia. I think that our team will keep good souvenirs of their visit at the guest house of RKK Energia.

Nathalie Pottier and her group of students greet us on the car park of the Institute, on the other side of the city. The visit begins with Lab. N9 and the rockets. The professor is very nice. He gives all kinds of explanations on the structure and construction of the rockets. This is a very secretive field, and few foreigners have made such a visit. It is hard to imagine these huge tanks full of liquid hydrogen ready to explode at the first wrong manoeuver. The other labs are just as interesting : the aircraft lab. where soon the Sukoi have no more secrets for our students, and then the helicopters. Everything is drafted by hand, even basic calculations. Computers are only used at a later stage, for additional work. The visit ends with the space suit shop, and our students try them on. These are costly items, considered as precious goods that one touches only with the utmost respect.

Before our departure for the airport, we give our second display model of Sputnik 40 Years to the Director of MAI, for the school's museum. This item will be a souvenir of the visit of young French students to one of the most prestigious institutes of the Russian Federation.

The programme of our visit is now completed. We are going back to La Reunion where we shall wait for the launch of PS2 in outer space, on the coming 3rd November 1997. The bus takes us to Sheremetyevo. The "good-byes" to the students from Naltchik and the many thanks to Victor Kourilov and Nicolas Bodine were filled with great emotion. Then customs, police, boarding without any problem.. on our way back home !

Some technical indications :

PS2 is a sphere with a diameter of 197mm and a mass of 2800g. The transmitted power is 200mW. Power is provided by 3 packs of 4 lithium batteries with 3.5V each. The transmission frequency will likely be 145.820MHz, and it will be also possible to listen to 145.841MHz. The 500mm antennas are wired with a circular polarisation and it will be possible to listen to PS2 in SSB and in FM. The sound will be nicer with SSB, but the Doppler may make the shift appear more complex at the beginning and at the end of the visibility of the satellite (2000km on the horizon and 300km overhead the receiving station).

The BF frequency will vary with the temperature inside the micro-satellite, according to the grid published by AMSAT-France :
-50 C : 372Hz,
-40 C : 579Hz,
-30 C : 778Hz,
-20 C : 934Hz,
-10 C : 1041Hz
0 C : 1110Hz
+10 C: 1152Hz,
+20 C: 1179Hz,
+30 C: 1195Hz,
+40 C: 1206Hz,
+50 C:1213Hz

Measurement will be possible for the OM who can have a digital recording of the signal.

The exact launch time is not known, nor the geographical footprint. The orbit will be MIR's, at the time of launch.

We would be happy to receive the BF frequency data, as well as the Keplerian data obtained from Doppler measurements.

Radio-Club FR5KJ (College Reydellet) will offer a certificate to thank the OM who will send QSL cards (reception reports) together with two IRC and a self-addressed envelope.

C) Sponsoring
The commemorative "school" satellite programme "Sputnik 40 Years" is sponsored and financially supported by LA POSTE, by the ROYAL AIR MAROC Airline Company, by M. LEON DEBORD, by the FRANCIS WESLEY Foundation and by the Brazilian satellite communication equipment company TECSAT. In Russia, the programme is supported by RKK ENERGIA company, followed by the INSTITUTE for BIOLOGICAL and MEDICAL PROBLEMS (IMBP), by the ACADEMY of SCIENCE of RUSSIA, by INKOMBANK and by the LOUKOIL- TRANS company.

The structural module of the satellite has been designed and made by students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian Republic of Kabardino-Balkar, with the support of engineers from the RKK ENERGIA Complex. The electronic module has been studied and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, France, with the help of radioamateurs and members of AMSAT- France, and with the support of ANVAR, the DRRT Regional Research and Technology Department of La Reunion, the GENERAL COUNCIL of La Reunion, and the REGIONAL COUNCIL of La Reunion.

AERO-CLUB de FRANCE controls the French part of the programme. The ASTRONAUTICAL FEDERATION of RUSSIA is general leader for the whole "Sputnik 40 Years" programme, under the direction of Victor Kurilov.

Maison de La Reunion (CNARM), in Paris, the PROTEL company (specialist of new information and communication technologies) and AIR FRANCE have greatly helped the programme with their operational support. EURO SPACE CENTER, in Redu, Belgium, has offered free "space" training to the young team from College Reydellet, to prepare them for the launch operations of their satellite.

Important remark : we still have unpaid bills, and for a balanced budget, the "Sputnik 40 Years" programme still needs eight financial sponsors for amounts of 30 000 F or 6 000 $ each. The organisers have no doubt that other institutions, other companies and other individuals will join the ones who already support the programme, to share this exceptional adventure. They have no doubt that the readers of this "weekly" will make their best efforts to invite the participation of new sponsors.


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N19 special flash SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



SPECIAL FLASH - Monday 20 October 1997, from Sao Jose Dos Campos, Brazil

The Brazilian Company T E C S A T sponsors Sputnik 40 Years

Today, 20 October 1997, at 11 a.m., Brazil time, Antonio Marcio Hisse de Castro, Director-President of TECSAT, in Sao Jose Dos Campos, in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, has announced the decision of his company to sponsor the Sputnik 40 Years school satellite programme.

Guy Pignolet, of Aero-Club de France, has given TECSAT the official sponsor certificate, and a display model of the Sputnik 40 Years satellite manufactured in La Reunion by the students of College Reydellet.

TECSAT, a leader of the Brazilian technology, owns one of the most modern plants in the world. Over the past 12 years, TECSAT has become the most important telecommunication manufacturer in Latin America, with 15 companies that take part in diverse fields of the economy, both on the civilian and defence markets.

Located in Sao Jose Dos Campos, in Manaus, in Argentina and in the United States, TECSAT has installed in Brazil more than 3 million receivers and decoders for satellite TV, becoming the national leader with 80% of the market. TECSAT has established an excellent international reputation through its export sales. It also produces equipments for cable TV and cellular telephones, as well as mobile units for Broadcast TV. TECSAT has build transponders for the Brazilian satellites, and manufactures enough optical fiber every year to cover the distance between the Earth and the Moon. Today, TECSAT, who has considerably invested in digital technologies, is developing its projects all over the world.

Contacts between TECSAT and the Sputnik 40 Years programme were first established by Captain Basilio Baranoff, President of NAEE (Nucleos de Atividades Espatiais Educativas) and organizer of the first Brazilian seminar dedicated to space education, on the 21 and 22 October 1997. The pilot-cosmonaut Alexander Serebrov, President of the all-Russia "Soyuz" space education association, is also taking part in this seminar. 1n 1993, Alexander Serebrov had launched in space the commemorative scale model of Tsiolkovski's rocket which had been built by the students of the Center for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik.


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N19 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 20 October 1997, from Sao Jose Dos Campos, Brazil

15 October 1997 :
two flights models of the Sputnik 40 Years / PS2 satellite have been sent to MIR on the 5 October, two weeks ago. From the latest information given by Nathalie Pottier, from MAI, one of the models will be launched in space on the 3 November 1997, after final checks on board of Space Station MIR. On Friday 10, 1997, the visual connexion between the cosmonauts and the students from La Reunion and from Naltchik went very well. It was a moment of great emotion for the young students.

The structural module of the satellite has been designed by students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian Republic of Kabardino-Balkar, with the support of engineers from the RKK ENERGIA Complex. The electronic module has been studied and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, France, with the help of radioamateurs and members of AMSAT-France, and with the support of ANVAR, the DRRT Regional Research and Technology Department of La Reunion, the GENERAL COUNCIL of La Reunion, and the REGIONAL COUNCIL of La Reunion.

AERO-CLUB de FRANCE controls the French part of the programme. The ASTRONAUTICAL FEDERATION of RUSSIA is general leader for the whole "Sputnik 40 Years" programme, under the direction of Victor Kurilov.

The commemorative "school" satellite programme "Sputnik 40 Years" is sponsored and financially supported by LA POSTE, by the ROYAL AIR MAROC Airline Company, by M. LEON DEBORD, and by the FRANCIS WESLEY FOUNDATION. In Russia, the programme is supported by RKK ENERGIA company, followed by the INSTITUTE for BIOLOGICAL and MEDICAL PROBLEMS (IMBP), by the ACADEMY of SCIENCE of RUSSIA, by INKOMBANK and by the LOUKOIL-TRANS company.

Maison de La Reunion (CNARM), in Paris, the PROTEL company (specialist of new information and communication technologies) and AIR FRANCE have greatly helped the programme with their operational support. EURO SPACE CENTER, in Redu, Belgium, has offered free "space" training to the young team from College Reydellet, to prepare them for the launch operations of their satellite.


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N18 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 13 October 1997

The commemorative "school" satellite programme "Sputnik 40 Years" is sponsored and financially supported by LA POSTE, by the ROYAL AIR MAROC Airline Company, by M. LEON DEBORD, and by the FRANCIS WESLEY FOUNDATION.

Maison de La Reunion (CNARM), in Paris, the PROTEL company (specialist of new information and communication technologies) and AIR FRANCE have greatly helped the programme with their operational support.

In Russia, the programme is supported by RKK ENERGIA company, followed by the INSTITUTE for BIOLOGICAL and MEDICAL PROBLEMS (IMBP), by the ACADEMY of SCIENCE of RUSSIA, by INKOMBANK and by the LOUKOIL-TRANS company.

The "PS-2" Sputnik 40 Years satellite is now on board of space station MIR, ready to be launched in space by cosmonaut Pavel Vinogradov sometimes between the 18 and the 20 October.

The structural module has been designed by students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian Republic of Kabardino-Balkar, with the support of engineers from the RKK ENERGIA Complex. The electronic module has been studied and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, with the help of radioamateurs and members of AMSAT-France, and with the support of ANVAR, the DRRT Regional Research and Technology Department of La Reunion, the GENERAL COUNCIL of La Reunion, and the REGIONAL COUNCIL of La Reunion. EURO SPACE CENTER, in Redu, Belgium, has offered free "space" training to the young team from College Reydellet, to prepare them for the launch operations of their satellite.

AERO-CLUB de FRANCE controls the French part of the programme. The ASTRONAUTICAL FEDERATION of RUSSIA is general leader for the whole "Sputnik 40 Years" programme, under the direction of Victor Kurilov.

... BLANK PAGE:

there was No on the 6 October, because of intensive catch-up work for the International Astronautical Congress in Torino, Italy...
28 September 1997 :
the bus broke down on the highway, and the students from College Reydellet arrived at the Euro Space Camp in Redu at 03 a.m. in the middle of the night..
30 September 1997 :
the students from College Reydellet have participated in the TV shows of RTBF (Belgium) and RFO (France).
02 October 1997 :
return from Redu to Paris by bus, and installation in Paris.
02 October 1997 :
Press conference at Maison de La Reunion in Paris, with the participation of the sponsors of Sputnik 40 Years. Audouin Dollfus has delivered the official Sponsor Certificates, and the College Reydellet students have offered the display models of Sputnik 40 Years.
04 October 1997 :
fortieth anniversary of the launch of the first artificial satellite of Planet Earth and the opening of a new era for Mankind : the Space Era !
04 October 1997 :
French TV network FR3 show images of the students from College Reydellet and from the Center for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik.
05 October 1997 :
the Spoutnik 40 Years / PS2 school satellite leaves Baïkonour spaceport on board of a Progress cargo spacecraft.
07 October 1997:
the students from College Reydellet take off for the second time to Moscow, with their teachers and with a RFO TV crew. Their program is as follows : Tuesday 8 : bus ride through Moscow // Wednesday 8 : in the morning, visit of Star City, and in the afternoon, visit of MAI (Moscow Aviation Institute) // Thursday 9 : all-day visit to Kaluga, with MIR radioamateur Serguei Sambourov, the grand-son of Konstantin Tsiolkovski // Friday 10 : conversation with the MIR cosmonauts, from the TSUP Space Flight Control Center // Saturday 11 : cultural excursion in Zagorsk // Sunday 12 : excursion in Moscow // Return to La Reunion, via Paris, is scheduled for Monday 13.
08 October 1997 :
during the night of 8 to 9 October 1997, the Progress cargo spacecraft was docked to the orbital station MIR, and the Sputnik 40 Years school satellite was transfered inside the space station.
09 October 1997 :
in Torino, Italy, at the 1997 International Astronautical Congress, Guy Pignolet tells the adventure of the project and shows the satellite prototype which had been first presented at the Paris Air Show.
11 October 1997 :
the prototype model of the Sputnik 40 Years school satellite is presented by the French radioamateurs at the Palais de la Decouverte Paris Science Museum on the occasion of the French national 1997 Science Festival.
Note about finances :
in operations like this magnificent educational adventure "Sputnik 40 Years", calendar comes first, but there are still several unpaid bills, and some more bills to come : the programme still needs 9 sponsors (institutions, companies, individuals) at $6000 each to balance properly. You are welcome to help. Grateful thanks.

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N17 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 29 September 1997

The commemorative "school" satellite programme "Sputnik 40 Years" is sponsored and financially supported by LA POSTE, by the ROYAL AIR MAROC Airline Company, by M. LEON DEBORD, and by the FRANCIS WESLEY FOUNDATION.

Reminders : More than one hundred years ago, LA POSTE created the Union Postale Universelle, the first major planetary organisation. And in Casablanca, at the very center of the activities of the ROYAL AIR MAROC Company, where all the African airline pilots are trained and where the new Concorde pilots receive their qualifications, the spirit of Saint Exupery is very much still alive.

Maison de La Reunion (CNARM), in Paris, the PROTEL company (specialist of new information and communication technologies), who among other things, was the organizer of the videoconference between La Reunion and Moscow on the 20 February 1997, and AIR FRANCE (who granted special low fares for the dynamic team of the Reydellet High School) have greatly helped the programme with their operational support.

In Russia, the programme is supported by RKK ENERGIA company, followed by the INSTITUTE for BIOLOGICAL and MEDICAL PROBLEMS (IMBP), by the ACADEMY of SCIENCE of RUSSIA, by INKOMBANK and by the LOUKOIL-TRANS company.

One flight model and one backup model of the "PS-2" Sputnik 40 Years satellite are in Baïkonur, ready to fly to space station MIR to be launched in space by cosmonaut Pavel Vinogradov. A third model of the satellite is in Moscow, for the celebrations of the 40th anniversary of the launch of the first artificial satellite of the Earth.

The structural modules have been designed by students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian Republic of Kabardino-Balkar, with the support of engineers from the RKK ENERGIA Complex. The electronic modules have been studied and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, with the help of radioamateurs and members of AMSAT-France, and with the support of ANVAR, the DRRT Regional Research and Technology Department of La Reunion, the GENERAL COUNCIL of La Reunion, and the REGIONAL COUNCIL of La Reunion.

EURO SPACE CENTER, in Redu, Belgium, is now offering free "space" training to the young team from College Reydellet, to prepare them for the launch operations of their satellite. AERO-CLUB de FRANCE controls the French part of the programme. The ASTRONAUTICAL FEDERATION of RUSSIA is general leader for the whole "Sputnik 40 Years" programme.

... BLANK PAGE :

there was no No on the 22 September 1997, because of the intense preparation work before the departure of the College Reydellet students for Moscow...
18 September 1997 :
the Science & Vie Junior (October 1997) magazine publishes an excellent 2-page article, with one picture of the Reydellet students in the company of cosmonaut Alexandre Serebrov and one picture of AMSAT's Gerard Auvray, holding in his hands the prototype of "Sputnik 40 Years". The article ends with a renewed call to sponsors because, two weeks only before the scheduled launch, we still need some ten more sponsors to completely finance the programme...
19 September 1997 :
Jean-Paul Marodon presents Sputnik 40 Years during a conference which had been organized at Saint Denis City Hall by the Astronomical Association of La Reunion.
19 and 22 September 1997 :
Guy Pignolet helps the College Reydellet students to make the first evaluations of the programme, in the fields of space technologies and project management.
23 September 1997 :
in Paris, Georges Ballini, of Aero-Club de France, and Alexandre Dorokhov, of the Russian Embassy in Paris, clear the ultimate visa problems for the visits in Moscow.
23 September 1997:
at College Reydellet, under the direction of teacher Gerard Six, end of the chain manufacturing of a series of 16 presentation models of the "Sputnik 40 Years" satellite, for the sponsors and the organizations who have supported the project.
24 September 1997 :
at Roland Garros Airport, in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, at 19:00, official presentation of the Sputnik 40 Years models to the representatives of REGION REUNION, of the GENERAL COUNCIL, of DRRT (Research and Technology) and ANVAR (new technologies). At 21:00, five young representatives of the French team from College Reydellet take off for Moscow.
25 September 1997 :
at the Paris stop-over, Audouin Dollfus and Georges Ballini, of l'Aero-Club de France, join the Reunionnese delegation. Arrival in Moscow in the afternoon, and installation in a residence in Korolev (formerly Kaliningrad) in the North of Moscow, with three of their young colleagues and accompanying teachers from Naltchik.
26 September 1997 morning :
the "Sputnik 40 Years" group visits TSUP, the Space Flight Control Center, in the company of Mikhail Balkizov, Minister of Education and Science in the Russian Republic of Kabardino-Balkar.
26 September 1997 noontime:
the "Sputnik 40 Years" group goes to the French Embassy in Moscow where they meet with Mrs Bernadette Chirac, with the French Cosmonaut Claudie Andre-Deshays, with M. Jacques CHIRAC, PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC, who chats for five minutes with the group of students, looking at one of the flight models of the satellite and one display model, in the company of Claude Allegre, his Minister of Education.
26 September 1997 afternoon:
reception at the Kabardino-Balkar Embassy in Moscow.
27 September 1997 :
in the morning, visit at the Cosmonaut's Museum in Moscow, with the famous titanium arrow. In the afternoon, visit of Moscow (Red Square).
28 September 1997 :
return to Naltchik for the young Russians and to Paris for the young French students. Transfer by bus to the Euro Space Center in Redu, in Belgium.
IMPORTANT NOTE :
the programme STILL needs sponsors, this is serious, and URGENT !

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N16 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Tuesday 9 September 1997

The commemorative "school" satellite programme "Sputnik 40 Years" is sponsored by LA POSTE, the ROYAL AIR MAROC Airline, M. LEON DEBORD, and the FRANCIS WESLEY FOUNDATION.

In Russia, it is supported by RKK ENERGIA, followed by the INSTITUTE for BIOLOGICAL and MEDICAL PROBLEMS (IMBP), the ACADEMY of SCIENCE of RUSSIA, INKOMBANK and LOUKOIL-TRANS.

The "PS-2" Sputnik 40 Years satellite is ready today to be sent next 3rd October to space station MIR for launch by cosmonauts Anatoly Soloviev and Pavel Vinogradov. The structural module has been designed by students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian republic of Kabardino-Balkar, with the support of engineers from the RKK ENERGIA Complex.

The electronic module has been studied and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, with the help of radioamateurs and members of AMSAT-France, and with the support of ANVAR, the DRRT Regional Research and Technology Department of La Reunion, the GENERAL COUNCIL of La Reunion, and the REGIONAL COUNCIL of La Reunion.

10 September 1997 :

the French Embassy in Moscow invites the whole French delegation of the Sputnik 40 Years programme to meet with French President Jacques Chirac when he visits Moscow on 26 Sept. 1997.
11 September 1997 :
Aero-Club de France will send Audouin Dollfus and Georges Ballini for the meeting with the President of the French Republic. Guy Pignolet will go to La Reunion for a "Sputnik 40 Years Open House" at College Reydellet on the 26 September 1997, with the students of the project who cannot participate in the mission in Moscow.
12 September 1997 :
ordering parts to build 16 exhibit models of Sputnik 40 Years, for the sponsors and the organisations who helped the project.
15 September 1997 :
final touch to the travel programme for the five students from Reydellet College and their escorts.
  • Reunion-Paris : AF 445 - dep. Wed 24/09 at 21h00 - arr. Thu. 25/09 at 06h20.
  • Paris-Moscow : AF 1826 - dep. Thu. 25/09 at 09h40 - arr. Thu. 25/09 at 15h00.
  • Fri. 26 Sept. : meeting with French President Jacques Chirac at French Embassy in Moscow.
  • Sat. 27 Sept. : cultural programme in Moscow.
  • Moscow-Paris : - dep. Sun 28/09 at 16h10 - arr. Sun 28/09 at 17h55 -Transfer to Euro Space Center by bus.
  • Mon. 29 Sept. to Wed 1st Oct. : activities at Euro Space Center in Redu (Belgium)
  • Tue. 30 Sept. : TV with Belgium's RTBF.
  • Thu. 2 Sept. Return to Paris by car - Press Conference at Maison de La Reunion in Paris
  • Paris-Moscow : AF 1826 - dep. Fri. 03/10 à 09h40 - arr. Fri. 03/10 at 15h00
  • Fri. 3 Oct. To Tue. 14 Oct. : Events Programme "Spoutnik 40 Ans". organised by Victor Kourilov and the Russian Federation of Astronautics in Moscow
  • Moscow-Paris : AF 1849 - dep. Tues. 14/10 at 16h10 - arr. Tue.). 14/10 at 17h55.
  • Paris-Reunion : AF 440 - dep. Tues. 14/10 at 21h00 - arr. Wed. 15/10 at 09h50.
During the Press Conference, Thursday 2 October 1997 at 5:00 p.m. at Maison de la Reunion, 39 rue Gauthey, 75017, the exhibit models will be officially presented to the sponsors who helped the programme.

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N15 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Tuesday 9 September 1997

The commemorative "school" satellite programme "Sputnik 40 Years" is sponsored by LA POSTE, the ROYAL AIR MAROC Airline, M. LEON DEBORD, and the FRANCIS WESLEY FOUNDATION.

In Russia, it is supported by RKK ENERGIA, followed by the INSTITUTE for BIOLOGICAL and MEDICAL PROBLEMS (IMBP), the ACADEMY of SCIENCE of RUSSIA, INKOMBANK and LOUKOIL-TRANS.

The "PS-2" Sputnik 40 Years satellite is ready today to be sent next 3rd October to space station MIR for launch by cosmonauts Anatoly Soloviev and Pavel Vinogradov. The structural module has been designed by students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian republic of Kabardino-Balkar, with the support of engineers from the RKK ENERGIA Complex.

The electronic module has been studied and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, with the help of radioamateurs and members of AMSAT-France, and with the support of ANVAR, the DRRT Regional Research and Technology Department of La Reunion, the GENERAL COUNCIL of La Reunion, and the REGIONAL COUNCIL of La Reunion.

Dear reader, you will find hereafter the final programme of this very fine operation, as defined today. The complete financing has not been totally secured yet, especially for the travel of the young French and Russian students. It is by going on forward that progress is made, this has been the philosophy of the programme, and it made it possible to reach the technical achievement of building the first "school" satellite in history.

This construction and the preparation for space flight were made with the greatest enthusiasm, by those who gave freely their time and their knowledge, by those who due to the necessities of life were obliged to ask for a salary or for a payment as a counterpart for their participation which nevertheless was full of sympathy for the project, and by those who offered with generosity their financial support to cover these payments and other needs that dilute in the general economics. The ultimate steps are essential for the educational valorisation of the programme. Please help more sponsors join us to make these final steps happen in a well deserved serenity.

03 September 1997:

confirmation of the payment of the first part of the French participation to the costs of launching of the "Sputnik 40 Years" satellite.
06 September 1997:
in the company of another million persons, Victor Kurilov watches the show given by Jean- Michel Jarre for the 850th anniversary of Moscow.
09 September 1997 :
initiation of the visa procedures for the 5 students and 5 accompanying adults who will go from France to Russia for the launch operations for Sputnik 40 Years.
09 September 1997 :
telephone conference with Victor Kurilov, Jean-Paul Marodon and Guy Pignolet, with help from Daniel Quasimodo for translations : organisation of travel for the French students // discussion of financial problems // travel of President Jacques Chirac in Russia.
* Organisation of travel :
it is expected that the 10-person French group will depart from La Reunion on Saturday 27 September 1997. After arrival in Paris, they will go to the Euro Space Center in Redu, Belgium, where they will be hosted three days long by Director Hugo Maree and his teams. After returning in Paris, the French team of Sputnik 40 Years will give a Press Conference at Aero-Club de France before taking off to Moscow in the morning of Friday 3rd October. They will participate in several events held for the 40th anniversary of Sputnik.

Then, in the company of their Russian colleagues, their programme will include technical and cultural visits, especially to Star City, to the Tsiolkovski Museum in Kaluga, to RKK Energia, to the Museum of Cosmonautics, and most of all to the Spaceflight Control Center TSUP, where they will have direct conversations with the cosmonauts aboard space station MIR. Not mentioning an evening at the Boschoi Theater. Return from Moscow is expected on the 15th October 1997 and return to La Reunion on Friday 17th October.

* Financial problems :
preparation work continues normally in the hope that the last financial problems will be solved in due time otherwise, without basically changing the full programme itself, delays could become a necessity.
* Voyage of President Jacques Chirac:
the Ministry of Education in France has informed Jean-Paul Marodon that Jacques Chirac, President of the French Republic, will go to Russia at the end of this month of September, accompanied by Claude Allegre, Minister of Education. The Ministry envisions a presentation of the Sputnik 40 Years project at the French Embassy in Moscow on Friday 26th September 1997.

The project board has decided that if the invitation is confirmed, the project will be represented by Victor Kurilov and Nathalie Pottier, who will present to the President of the French Republic one of the flight models of the school satellite "Sputnik 40 Years". Victor Kurilov, National Commissar for Space Flight at the Russian Federation of Astronautics, is the Director of the "Sputnik 40 Years" Programme. Nathalie Pottier, a French student in Cosmonautics at the Moscow Aviation Institute, made the technical translations during all the essential steps of the project, especially during the design meetings in La Reunion in April 1997, in the presence of cosmonaut Alexander Serebrov, and during the Paris meetings in August 1997 for the final integration of the satellite.


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N14 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 1st September 1997

21 August 1997:
publication of a new call for sponsors in the two main daily newspapers of La Réunion.
31 August 1997:
in a telephone conversation, Victor Kurilov announces that the qualification process for the PS-2 Sputnik 40 Years satellite is almost completed. Especially, the environment tests for temperature, vacuum and vibration have been passed with success.

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N13 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 25 August 1997

21 August 1997 :
Audouin Dollfus, Guy Pignolet and Charles Hochmann write the final French version of the phase 2 protocol of the Sputnik 40 Years Programme, concerning the financing of the launch of the satellite, the exchanges of children and the preparation of the International Fund "Youth for Space". New calls for sponsors are prepared for La Reunion and for French major business circles.
21 August 1997 :
a tender is sent to the French space clubs for the design of electronic "beep" modules for the exhibition model of Sputnik 40 Years intended for the sponsors. The modules will be built by the students of College Reydellet.
22 August 1997 :
at College Reydellet, after discussing the situation, the students decide to make a lottery to find who will go to the launch of Sputnik 40 Years. The lucky winners are :Audrey Castinel (age 13), Marion Dubreuil (age 14), Anne-Laure Girbal (age 13), Sandrine Law-Wing-Chin (age 14) et Jean-Cédric Maillot (age 14). Accompanying persons are Jean-Paul Marodon, Headmaster of the College, Jean-Yves Morau, teacher in Biology, Alain Orré, computer specialist, Gérard Six, teacher in Technology, et Mrs Arlette Marodon, to take care of the young girls in the group.
22 August 1997 :
the first international money order is sent, for the French participation in the launch costs.
24 August 1997 :
the second call to sponsors is sent.

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N12 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 18 August 1997

About SPONSORS - IMPORTANT AND URGENT : Please see last paragraph

BLANK PAGE :
there was no paper on the 11 August, because of the preparation of the visit of the Russian Delegation in Paris.
04 August 1997:
responses by Gerard Auvray F6FAO to the questions forwarded by Rudolf Appel, of DGLR in Allemagne. A full technical description will be given before launch.

When will the Sputnik 40 Years transmitter be activated ?
The transmitter will be activated in October during an EVA (Extra Vehicular walking in space) from MIR . The life time will be approximately 1 and 2 months.

How far will Sputnik 40 Years drift away from the MIR Space Station ?
The Spoutnik will be launch be hand so it will not be very far from MIR. But Mir is doing frequently orbit adjustments. So we don't know how long the orbital elements will be the same that MIR. It will be a good exercise for students to try to compute the orbital elements following the doppler

Frequency and modulation mode ?
The frequency will be 145.8 MHz. The antenna polarisation is circular, and will be Right or Left following how we will see the satellite. The Spoutnik has no attitude stabilisation, so we don't know how it will be in space. The modulation is FM and the BF signal is around 1.3 kHz and it will vary with the temperature. Another good exercise for students to measure the audio frequency and see the temperature. The RF signal sound like a beep beep as it is ON/OFF with a duty cycle of 5 with 0.18 s ON and 0.72 s OFF. The full cycle is around 0.9s. You can listen the beep beep in FM position or SSB position. The sound is really nicer in SSB position, but if you want to measure the audio frequency you should be in FM. It will not be an easy exercise because it is a burst and the dynamic of frequency variation is low.

Receiving equipment ?
In the best case you should be able to receive the signal on a handheld receiver with an antenna gain of 0dB , but as we will not know the satellite attitude in space it will be better to have a yagi with 10 dB gain (around 9 elements).

07 August 1997 :
last telephone meeting before the technical meeting between the French and the Russian parts, with the participation of Victor Kurilov, Jean-Paul Marodon, Daniel Quasimodo, Gerard Auvray, Georges Ballini and Vladimir Syromiatnikov (of RKK Energia, on a trip in the French Alps) and Alexandre Dorokhov, Scientific Counsellor at the Russian Embassy in France. Where we learn that following a loss in his family, Michail Balkizov, Minister of Education and Science in the republic of Kabardino-Balkar, the Russian Delegation will arrive in Paris one day late, on Tuesday 12 August instead of Monday 11 August 1997.
11 August 1997 :
arrival of the French Delegation from La Reunion, with Jean-Paul Marodon, Headmaster of College Reydellet, and Daniel Quasimodo, Interpreter // Where we learn that Michail Balkizov will not come to Paris // Translation and review of the protocol documents sent by the Russian part.
12 August 1997, morning :
Jean-Paul Marodon goes to the French Ministry of Education to deliver his proposal for the trip of the French students in Russia, from 27 September to 15 October 1997 // integration of the structures made in La Reunion with the transmitter board built by Gerard Auvray and Amsat-France.
12 August 1997, noon :
welcome of the Russian Delegation in Roissy Airport, with Victor Kurilov, of the Russian Astronautical Federation, Chief of the delegation, Hussein Dikinov, Director of the Center for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik, Serguei Sambourov, of RKK Energia, responsible for the radioamateur equipment on board of the MIR Space Station, Serguei Vassiliev, mechanical engineer with the Russian Astronautical Federation, and Nicolai Bodine, assistant to Victor Kurilov, and also Nathalie Pottier, a French student at the Moscow Aviation Institute, who makes the technical translations // Installation at the Bouquet de Longchamp hotel near the Aero-Club de France.
12 August 1997, afternoon :
the French and Russian Delegations meet at Aero-Club de France. First integration tests between the mechanical and the electronical parts of the "Sputnik 40 Years" satellite.
12 August 1997, evening :
presentation of the Sputnik 40 Years programme at Maison de la Réunion in Paris, in the presence of sponsors, with Christine Arpin, representing LA POSTE, and with the French cosmonauts Jean-Pierre Haignere and Claudie Andre-Deshays, and fifty other persons. Interviews by TV crews from the French RFO Channel, by the Itar-Tass Press Agency, and by other Russian journalists. Creole cocktail and diner, Reunion style.
13 August 1997, morning :
Installation in the headquarters of AMSAT-France in La Celle Saint Cloud, in the West of Paris, with Gerard Auvray, Vice-President of Amsat-France, and Christophe Carlier and Julien Forest, of Amsat- France. Lunch in a nearby pizza restaurant, with Jean Gruau, former director of the Guyana Space Center, former General Inspector of CNES and father of the ARSENE radioamateur satellite.
13 August 1997, afternoon :
general review of the technical problems of the electronic module presented by the French part.
13 August 1997, evening :
official dinner at the Reunionnese restaurant Eden Haussman, with the directors of the Sputnik 40 Years project, sponsors LEON DEBORD and Carolyn Wesley, representing the FRANCIS WESLEY Foundation, and Alexandre Dorokhov, representing the Russian Embassy in France.
Night of Wednesday 13 to Thursday 14 August 1997 :
during all evening and all night, in the workshop of AMSAT- France, integration of two complete satellites, and of an additional complete electronic module. At 5 a.m., the first beeps are broadcasted by the first functional scale model of the first artificial satellite of Planet Earth, Sputnik-1. In the morning, continuation of the electrical reception of the modules.
14 August 1997, morning :
at Aero-Club de France, selection of the mission logo, among the 12 drawings proposed by the Russian party and the 10 drawings proposed by the French party. After a first round with 6 preselected drawings, the final decision is to retain one of the drawings proposed by the French part and to use in this drawing one of the Sputnik drawings made by one candidate of the French part in a "Little Prince" style.
14 August 1997, 11:30 a.m. :
Press Conference at Aero-Club de France, et official delivery of the three complete electronic sets made by the French part.
14 August 1997:
due to general exhaustion of the two delegations after the night of working for the technical reception of the satellite, the scheduled official visit to the Bourget Air and Space Museum is cancelled. // Jean-Paul Marodon is interviewed, from Paris, by the media from La Reunion island.
15 August 1997 :
all day, at Aero-Club de France, workshop with the two delegations for the organisation of the financing of the launch of Sputnik 40 Years, named "PS-2", which means "Most simple satellite N2" with reference to Sputnik-1, which was named "PS-1".

It is decided that the French part will participate for 10 000 US$, depending on the finances which it controls from the participations of the sponsors, and it will try to continue its participation and search for new sponsors, up to a total participation of 40 000 US$, representing one half of the amount that the Russian Astronautical Federation has to pay to RKK Energia and other organisations for the environment testing of the satellite and its launch to space station MIR, the total cost of 80 000 US$ being the result of a general sponsoring by the RKK Energia complex, who will provide on its own for the operations aboard space station MIR.

If the French part cannot meet the minimal share of 25 000 US$ before the end of the month of August 1997, the Russian part will consider the possibility of launching only a non-functional model to space station MIR, with no transmitter and no batteries, to decrease the mass and to decrease the cost.

15 August 1997, evening :
organisation of the exchanges between the students in Naltchik and in La Reunion. Each delegation will include 5 students and 5 adults. The French delegation from College Reydellet will leave La Reunion on the 27 September 1997 and will first spend 3 days at the Euro Space Center in Redu in Belgium, where it has been invited by Hugo Maree, Director of the Center. Then it should go to Naltchik for 3 days to meet with the students and the teachers of the Center for Polytechnical Education in the Russian republic of Kabardino-Balkar. Then the French and the Russian students will go together to Moscow to visit the main space organisations in the Moscow region and, if possible, have a live conversation with the MIR cosmonauts from the Flight Control Center. It is expected that the Russian delegation will travel to La Reunion in November 1997. Depending on the final status of sponsoring additional exchanges may take place in 1998, or conversely, a smaller exchange programme may be considered.
15 August 1997, evening :
the Russian part announces its decision to proceed with the development of the International Fund "Youth for Space" envisioned in the 20 February 1997 agreements to finance future international education operations, and leaves the French part until the end of 1997 to decide on its participation to the Fund, depending on the effective finance prospects.
16 August 1997 :
at 10:30 a.m., the French national TV Channel FR3 broadcasts for millions of viewers a 2-min. story on the "Sputnik 40 Years" programme, with cosmonauts Jean-Pierre Haignere and Claudie Andre-Deshays. At 5 p.m. at the end of the "Charlie-Foxtrot" programme on French national radio France Inter, Gerard Feldzer, President of Aero-Club de France briefly presents the Sputnik 40 Years programme for the millions of listeners of the radio station.
17 August 1997 :
return of Jean-Paul Marodon in Reunion Island. The Radio-Club of College Reydellet has done its job by providing the Russian part with a transmitter module which, 40 years later, will broadcast to the whole world a replica of the famous beeps of the 4 October 1997.
17 August 1997 :
all evening and all night, at Aero-Club de France, preparation of the official documents and certificates for the transfer of the radio modules to Russia and for the continuation of the qualification tests of the two complete satellites, of a complete electronic module, and of a set of spare parts.
18 August 1997 :
at 12:20 p.m. on the regular Aeroflot flight, the Russian delegation departs to Moscow. Victor Kurilov, responsible for the "Sputnik 40 Year" programme intended to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the beginning of the space era, is carrying in his bags two satellites ready for space, the result of the work of two teams of young enthusiast students, with the help of professionals from two great space faring nations.

The first part of the Sputnik 40 Years is completed, with the construction of the satellite, and already it is rich of many teachings with great educational potential. The second part, qualification and launch of the satellite begins..

SPONSORS : Acknowledgements to all the sponsors who have supported the construction of the "Sputnik 40 Years" satellite :

The commemorative and educational "Sputnik 40 Years" programme is coordinated by the Russian Astronautical Federation and by Aero-Club de France. The structural module has been designed by the students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian republic of Kabardino-Balkar, with the support of engineers from the RKK ENERGIA Complex. The electronic module has been studied and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint-Denis de La Reunion, with the help of radioamateurs and members of AMSAT-France, and with the support of ANVAR, the DRRT Regional Research and Technology Department of La Réunion, the GENERAL COUNCIL of LA REUNION, and the REGIONAL COUNCIL of LA REUNION.

The programme is supported by sponsors who will make possible the launch of the "Sputnik 40 Years" satellite and the participation of the young designers from Naltchik and from La Reunion at the launch. The general sponsor for the Russian part is RKK ENERGIA, followed by the INSTITUTE for BIOLOGICAL and MEDICAL PROBLEMS (IMBP), the ACADEMY of SCIENCE of RUSSIA, INKOMBANK and the LOUKOIL-TRANS company. The first sponsors for the French part are LA POSTE, the ROYAL AIR MAROC Airline, M. LEON DEBORD, and the FRANCIS WESLEY FOUNDATION.

A new campaign of sponsoring is necessary to take the programme to its final conclusions : the financial participation of 5 new sponsors with 6 000 US$ each is necessary to guarantee the launching operations, and 10 more sponsors are needed to cover the direct participation of the young students to the launch operations. THANKS TO ALL THE READERS OF "SPUTNIK 40 YEARS WEEKLY" for their help in this ultimate and necessary call to sponsors, so that enthusiasm and hope for "Youth for Space" may live.


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N11 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Special Edition - Thursday 14 August 1997

Press Release

Paris - 14 August 1997

"Sputnik 40 Years", first scale model satellite, has a mission to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the launch of the launch of Sputnik-1. It is scheduled to fly to MIR in October 1997, and then, to be launched into space on the occasion of an EVA.

"Sputnik 40 Years", identified under the name of "PS-2", will be launched by hand by a cosmonaut from the MIR Space Station. The satellite has a mass of 3 kg. It will transmit on the radioamateur frequency of 145.8 megahertz with a 0.2 watt output power. It should operate for about 30 days, until exhaustion of the power supply batteries. The atmospheric reentry should occur approximately one and half year after launch.

From 12 to 14 august 1997, a delegation of the Russian party, who was responsible for the fabrication of the mechanical structure, and a delegation of the French party, who was responsible for the construction of the electronic assembly, have met together in Paris to proceed with the integration of the test and flight models of "Sputnik 40 Years"

On the 2 August, the two delegations have met at the Maison de La Reunion in Paris for a presentation of the "Sputnik 40 Years" programme, in the presence of French cosmonauts Jean-Pierre Haignere and Claudie Andre- Deshays, of Alexandre Dorokhov, Scientific Attache at the Russian Embassy in France, and of some sixty other persons.

On the 13 August, with the participation of the Russian Engineers Serguei Sambourov, of RKK Energia, Serguei Vassiliev, of the Russian Federation of Astronautics, and Gérard Auvray, Vice-President of AMSAT-France, the delegations have met at the headquarters of AMST-France in La Celle Saint-Cloud, for a general technical review, before the certification tests that will take place in Moscow between the 19th August and the 1st September 1997.

On the 14th August, the delegations have met at Aero-Club de France for a selection of the official logo of the 3Sputnik 40 Years" Mission and for the ceremony of the official delivery of the electronic modules built by the French part to the Russian part.

The commemorative project "Sputnik 40 Years" is coordinated by the Russian Federation of Astronautics and by Aero-Club de France. The mechanical part was designed by students of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik, capital of the Russian Republic of Kabardin-Balkar, with the support of engineers from RKK Energia. The electronic part was elaborated and built by students of the Radio-Club of College Reydellet in Saint Denis de La Reunion, with the assistance of radioamateurs and members of the AMSAT-France association, and with the support of ANVAR, DRRT-Reunion, GENERAL COUNCIL of La Reunion and REGIONAL COUNCIL of La Reunion.

The programme is supported by sponsors, who will provide for the launch of the "Sputnik 40 Years" satellite and to enable the participation of student delegations from Naltchik and from La Réunion at the launch operations. The general sponsor for te Russian Part is RKK ENERGIA, followed by the INSTITUTE FOR MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL PROBLEMS (IMPB), the RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, INKOMBANK and LOUKOIL- TRANS. The first sponsors for the French part are LA POSTE, ROYAL AIR MAROC, Mr. LEON DEBORD and the FRANCIS WESLEY FOUNDATION. The support from additional sponsors will enable a larger number of students to participate directly in the launch operations.

"Sputnik 40 Years", first operational "school satellite" in the world, is a realisation of the "Space for Youth" cooperation programme which was signed between the Russian Astronautical Federation and the Aero-Club de France on the 20 February 1997.

Speakers at the Press Conference :

  • Victor KOURILOV, National Commissar at the Russian Astronautical Federation,
  • Audouin DOLLFUS, Administator of Aero-Club de France
  • Jean-Paul MARODON, Head of College Reydellet in Saint Denis de La Reunion.
  • Hussein DIKINOV, Director of the Center for Polytechnical Education in Naltchik

The pictures of Sputnik 40 Years will be available on the Internet site : http://www.oceanes.fr/~fr5fc/spoutnik.html


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N10 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 4 August 1997

BLANK PAGE :
there was no paper on the 28 July 1997 because of the celebration of the 15 years of U3P, the Solar Sail association, in Font-Romeu, in the famous French center for solar energy research. If you wish to receive the new "16 pages - Voiles solaires, comment ca marche, a quoi ca sert" (in French) please ask by mail at "U3P - c/o CREPS - 1 avenue de Lespinet - 31055 Toulouse Cedex - France" or by fax at +33 1 44 76 79 59 or by e-mail at u3p@ec-lille.fr .
24 July 1997 :
organisation meeting with Aero-Club de France for the technical meetings in August :
  • Monday 11 August : delegations arrive in Paris from Moscow, Naltchik, and La Réunion. Lodging at the Residence of La Reunion in the North of Paris; evening : first technical meeting at AeCF
  • Tuesday 12 August : morning : meeting at AeCF for the choice of the Sputnik 40 Years Logo; afternoon : meeting at AeCF for the organisation of the launch programme; evening : dinner offered by Maison de La Reunion - presentation of the program, with participation of the first sponsors
  • Wednesday 13 August : morning : visit to the Le Bourget Air and Space Museum; afternoon : visit to AMSAT-France facilities; evening : Paris excursion on Bateaux-Mouche and official dinner at a Reunionnese restaurant in Paris
  • Thursday 14 August : morning : official delivery of the flight kits, followed with a press conference.
27 July 1997 :
the model-satellite Sputnik 40 Years is registered by Energia under the code name of ISZ-1.
27 July 1997 :
the Reydellet High School had 200 T-shirts made in blue and grey colors with Sputnik 40 Years.
28 July 1997 :
read in "Spaceflight" : the British Interplanetary Society and the London Science Museum will organize a conference on the 4 October 1997 to celebrate the 40 years of Sputnik era.
30 July 1997 :
the lithium batteries for the flight models have been received.
01 August 1997 :
Victor Kurilov sends a message to announce the work program in Russia :
  1. Manufacturing the body of the model : 5 August
  2. Tests and delivery of the radio transmitters to the Russian party, with documents : 15 August, in France
  3. Assembly of the model (body and radio) : 20 August
  4. Radio tests of the model : 30 August
  5. Transportation to Baikonur : 10 September
  6. Test at the cosmodrome : 20 September
  7. Loading on board of the Progress spacecraft : 25 September
  8. Departure of Progress spacecraft : 01 October.
03 August 1997 :
a message from Rudolf L. Appel, of DGLR in Germany. He has echoed the Sputnik 40 Years information in Germany, with interested returns from teachers organisations. Questions :
  1. when will the Sputnik 40 Years transmitter be activated ?
  2. How far will Sputnik 40 Years drift away from the MIR Space Station ?
  3. Frequency and modulation mode ?
  4. Receiving equipment ?
answers in the next "weekly".

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N9 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 21 July 1997

BLANK PAGE :
there was no paper on the 14 July 1997 because of travels across Europe, and much has happened since the last "weekly".
25 June 1997 :
a progress cargo spaceship hits the MIR space station, resulting in a loss of 40% of the available energy and loss of air in one of the modules. A new incident occurred on Thursday 10 July 1997 with the loss of attitude control and on-board energy for one day. These incidents have called a special attention from the media for the first large international space station, orbiting around the Earth at an altitude of 400 km with a mass of almost 100 tons, now continuously inhabited for the past 11 years.

The incidents are serious, but not dramatic, and it appears from the information given by CNES as well as received directly from our Russian friends that the safety of the station or of the cosmonauts has never been endangered. On the first degree, these incidents have demonstrated that the MIR system is robust and reminded that the station has become a "normal" working place with all the usual problems.

For the good conduct of the repair operations and to guarantee the quality of the scientific work of French cosmonaut Leopold Eyharts, his mission to MIR has been postponed to early in 1998, but no change is expected in Jean-Loup Chretien's flight to the space station in September 1997, via the US space shuttle.

Our SPUTNIK 40 YEAR program is only slightly affected, with a one month delay in the launch towards the station which, according to Victor Kurilov, is expected to be carried on a Progress spacecraft on the 1st October 1997. Launch in space will occur during the first EVA, by cosmonauts Anatoli Soloviev and Pavel Vinogradov (who speaks French). There will be a small shift with regards to the date of 4 October 1997, but we may say that Sputnik 40 years will already be in space, only it will start operating just a few days later.

7 July 1997 :
the logo contest for Sputnik 40 Years has been advertised in BOEN, the Official Bulletin of the French Ministry of Education. Logo proposals have been received from France, Russia and Germany. A decision will be taken on the 12 August 1997 during a meeting at FAI (International Aeronautical Federation) in Paris.
8 July 1997 :
the MEGAHERTZ magazine has published two pages of information on the Sputnik 40 Years project, with pictures of the technical meetings which took place in Reunion Island in April 1997.
9 July 1997 :
Audouin Dollfus and Guy Pignolet meet Alexandre Dorokhov, head of the Scientific and Technical Service of the Russian Embassy in Paris, representing Ambassador Yuri Ryjov (a former Head of the Moscow Space Institute MAI), for a report on the progress of the program.
10 July 1997 :
technical meeting, by telephone, between Victor Kurilov, Jean-Paul Marodon and Gerard Auvray, with the participation of Guy Pignolet and Daniel Quasimodo. First direct e-mail contacts between the Russian Astronautical Federation and the French partners, and first direct contacts with Serguei Sambourov of RKK Energia, responsible for the radioamateur contacts with the MIR station, also Vice-President of the Russian radioamateur association.

A link budget calculation made by Gerard Auvray tells that with a transmitter power of 200 mW, the Sputnik 40 Years signal will be received by radioamateur equipment to a distance of 2 000 km. "Ribbon" antennas are proposed to facilitate transportation and assembly of the satellite on board of station MIR.

Radio amateurs are planning world-wide "open house" operations to enable the general public to listen to the "beep-beep"s of Sputnik 40 Years.

Concerning the operations by RKK Energia, Victor Kurilov was able to obtain new conditions for the transportation of Sputnik 40 Years. It appears that there are now 5 major sponsors in Russia, and that their participation will cover the minimal launch operations. The funds collected by Aero-Club de France (3 confirmed sponsors at the date of 10 July 1997 - a new campaign is under way) will enable the travel of as large as possible delegations of students for direct participation at the launch operations from the Korolev (formerly Kaliningrad) control center TSUP.

11 July 1997 :
the 4 "flight" electronic boards are ready, and will be assembled with the batteries and the "internal" mechanical parts which hold the electronics.
21 July 1997 :
organisational meeting, by telephone, between Victor Kurilov, Jean-Paul Marodon and Gerard Auvray, with the participation of Guy Pignolet and Daniel Quasimodo. Meetings will be held in Paris, between the 11 and the 16 August 1997, for the delivery of the 4 "flight" models of the French Part to the Russian Part. The Russian participants will be Victor Kurilov and Nicolas Bodine, of the Russian Astronautical Federation, Hussein Dikinov, Head of the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik, Mikhail Balkizov, Minister of Education and Science in the Republic of Kabardin-Balkar, Serguei Sambourov and Serguei Vassiliev, of RKK Energia and Nathalie Pottier of MAI. The French participants will be Jean-Paul Marodon, of College Reydellet, Gerard Auvray of RACE, Daniel Quasimodo of Saint Denis' Media Center, Guy Pignolet, Georges Ballini and Audouin Dollfus of Aero-Club de France. Meetings will be held at FAI and at Aero-Club de France. Final integration work and technical testing will be made in Gerard Auvray's laboratory. Environment testing will be made later in Moscow by RKK Energia.

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N8 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 23 June 1997

17 June 1997 :
on French national pay channel Canal +, Jerome Bonaldi shows for five minutes, with some emotion, the prototype model which has been built by Gerard Auvray, and he broadcasts a call for sponsors.
18 June 1997 :
presentation of the prototype model at the Paris Air Show, on the occasion of the "Innovation Prize" organised by Aero-Club de France.
19 June 1997 :
on French national radio France Inter, Guy Pignolet talks for five minutes to present the Sputnik 40 Years program. He sends calls for testimonies and for Sponsors.
20 June 1997 :
more than 700 calls have been distributed by Georges Ballini to Exhibitors at the Paris Air Show.
23 June 1997 :
electronics components are sent to La Reunion for the fabrication of the flight models by the students of College Reydellet. The components were taken in the same series as the components used in the spacecraft industry.. Only they are not guaranteed, because the costs would be some 100 times higher, with 6 to 9 month delays. They are the same components which were used in all the microsats of UOSAT or ARSENE type. Care is taken that they do not make any outgassing.
25 June 1997 :
recording of "Paris lumieres" for the satellite TV5 channel. Broadcasting is scheduled in the evening of Monday 7 July 1997, from 19h00 to 19h30, with : Sputnik 40 Years, Solar Sails, and Wireless Power Transportation. You may also consult WEB sites at .." http://www.oceanes.fr/~fr5fc/spoutnik.html" for Sputnik, "http://www.ec-lille.fr/~u3p" for solar sails, and "http://www.ac-grenoble.fr/yre" for the FEEE (Federation pour l'Education à l'Environnement en Europe) report on microwave wireless Power Transportation.
BLANK PAGES :
there will be no weekly on the 30 June, nor on the 7 July, because of seminars and other various activities. Next issue on the 14 July 1997. Think of asking for testimonies and memories concerning the 4 October 1957, and think of asking potential sponsors to call for the 40 candles of Sputnik.
19 June 1997 :
comments of Marc Zirnheld on the importance of symbols.

" The essence of space exploration is not only the search for immediate benefits, but also a lot of symbolism :

The efforts made to send men on the Moon before 1970 were greatly motivated by a spirit of challenge and conquest, this should not be hidden (I include thereby the Russian competition). However, the human and scientific results have reached beyond any limits, but these results were in the long term, and not seed after : development of electronics and components, increase in fiability and theoretical understanding thereof, astronautical research and progress in the domain of satellites which bring today satellite communications, geodesy, meteorology, observation and monitoring of our planet...

We find the same motivations in modern projects. Everyone agrees that the scientific interest of the Alpha space station is small (for example we know that its microgravity will be of lower quality than what we can obtain now in laboratories on the surface of the Earth), but everyone agrees to make it. If it is called Alpha, this is not a tribute to _Space 1999_ , this is pure symbol.

The next flight to Mars, I think, will be Pathfinder. It will use a large part of its resources only to eject a camera that will turn around to take a picture of the spacecraft, to enable Man to receive a picture of an object sitting on the surface of Mars (which of course Viking was not able to do). The scientific interest of such a picture is nil, but it carries a very high symbolic load.

All this to say that it is worth to spend time, money, and even orbit space for actions which have purely a symbolic meaning, because this is also the goal of space exploration... "


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N7 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 16 June 1997

10 June 1997 :
the "bip-bip" radio beacon has been tested by Gérard Auvray at -20C for one hour without problems.
10 June 1997 :
SAFT, the French battery manufacturer proposes LSH20 lithium batteries. They are vacuum tight, and use for balloon payloads by CNES, at attitudes up to 40 000 meters
15 June 1997 :
opening of Le Bourget Paris Air Show. Aéro-Club de France has a "Sputnik 40 Years" box in the Press Room; where we have displayed the "call for witnesses" of Sputnik-1 for the journalists. Hundreds of other copies have been distributed to exhibitors, with a remainder of the call for sponsors.


THE GREAT BOOK OF SPUTNIK :

A world-wide call is made on the occasion of the 1997 Paris Air Show, for individual testimonies on the launch of the first artificial satellite of the Earth on the 4 October 1957.
* The manuscript will remain the joint property of Aéro-Club de France and of the Astronautical Federation of Russia. It will include the complete list of the 40 Sponsors for the 40 Years anniversary of Sputnik.

* The manuscript of the witnesses of Sputnik-1 will be released, on a non-exclusive basis, for all the Sponsors and everyone who, world-wide, will decide to use it in any form.

Were you born, on that day of the 4 October 1957, a major turning point in the history of Mankind ? ... The tell your personal story on how you lived through that exceptional day of the launching of the first artificial satellite of Planet Earth. ... And whatever your age, write and tell us what importance you personally give to the event, tell us how you feel concerned by it...

Send your personal account on ONE A4 format page (210x297mm), with 25mm margins on all sides. All the languages of Planet Earth are acceptable, as well as drawings. On a separate page, please indicate you full name and full address. You should attach a translation of your text in French, in English or in Russian if your original text is not written in any of these three languages.

Please send your contribution to :
SPOUTNIK 40 ANS - AERO-CLUB DE FRANCE
6 rue Galilée - 75116 Paris - France

All entries will remain the joint property of Aéro-Club de France and Astronautical Federation of Russia. All entries shall be accompanied with a manuscript mention signed by the author : "I release all copyrights and authorises Aéro-Club de France and the Astronautical Federation of Russia to make use of this text in any form".


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N6 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 9 June 1997

BLANK PAGE:
there was no N on the 2 June 1997. Not because of the elections in France, but because of the ordinary workload, and because we sent in the mail a few hundred more calls to potential sponsors.
27 May 1997 :
telephone meeting between Jean-Paul Marodon and Hussein Dikinov : work is in progress on both sides, but the absence of reliable means of communication makes the coordination difficult for the evolutions of the interface.
30 May 1997 :
the LOGO CONTEST for Sputnik 40 years was put on the web. It is open until the 15 June 1997 :

Within the frame of the commemoration of the fortieth anniversary of the launch of Sputnik-1 and of the beginning of space era, the Radio-Club FR5KJ proposes a participation to its actions with logo designs on this theme.

The logo shall be drawn on professional art paper of a size of 240 x 320 mm with a 40 mm margin on all sides.

The shapes of the drawing are free, but as a rule, they should remain simple to allow for easy reproduction on various supports. It will be made in three colors, blue, white and red, which are the colors of the French and Russian flags. The background will be black, with stars. Compulsory mentions : ' Sputnik 40 years (in French and in Russian), 1957-1997.

No name and no address should appear on the same side as the drawing. They will be mentioned on the other side, with a handwritten text explaining the logo. It will be signed by the artist, who will write in his own handwriting : ' logo contest participation of xxxx, who releases all forms of copyright to FR5KJ '. The absence of this declaration will void the entry.

A jury will select the best projects, who will receive prizes, and announce which project will be officially approved. All the projects will remain the property of the club who will have the right to use them freely.

The projects should be sent to club FR5KJ, 103 rue de la Republique, 97489 Saint Denis Cedex, La Réunion, France.

2 June 1997 :
conversation with the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Kabardin-Balkar. He thinks he will come to Paris, and maybe extend his trip to La Reunion for one week, but the dates for the trip are not clear yet. The Russian Embassy in Paris appears to have no information yet about the 'Kabardin-Balkar Days' which were mentioned during the trip in Naltchik in April 1997.
3 June 1997 :
a fax was successfully sent to Naltchik, using the number of the Central Post Office, by manual connection with 00 7 866 22 7 02 38 (working hours) or 00 7 866 22 7 02 47 (night time). The ' to ' name and telephone number should be mentioned on the cover page, and the operators of the Central Post Office will call the person who will come to retrieve the message.
4 June 1997 :
telephone meeting between Jean-Paul Marodon and Victor Kurilov. A technical coordination meeting is scheduled in Paris in the third week of July 1997 to verify the good compatibility between the mechanical part and the electronic part, and to prepare the mission for the final integration which should take place in Moscow. It has been decide to have a weekly meeting from now on.
4 June 1997 :
successful launch of satellite INMARSAT-3F4 by Ariane V-97. INMARSAT headquarters have been contacted in London. They will consider the possibility of loaning " satellite communication suitcases ' for the teams in Naltchik and Saint-Denis de La Réunion.
5 June 1997 :
meeting at the Aero-Club de France with Audouin Dollfus, Georges Ballini and Guy Pignolet. Sponsor update : following the calls which were mailed, several potential sponsors have told that they are considering their participation. Preparation for the Paris Air Show : a document will be distributed to the Press and to the Exhibitors, it will remind of the call for sponsors, and will announce the call for public testimonies on Sputnik-1.
6 June 1997 :
technical information : the satellite will transmit in the 145 MHz band, using a frequency which has been cleared when satellite Oscar 13 ended its operation. Output power will be 130 mW, with a current drain of 48 mA under 12 V.
7 June 1997 :
meeting with Gerard Auvray, who participates in the design and development of the Sputnik 40 Years transmitter. Test for the final prototype model (N5) were made, with wonderful 'beep-beep's. The students at Reydellet High School will soon begin assembling the electronic boards.

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N5 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Thursday 29 May 1997

15 May 1997 :
meeting of the radioamateur group - 3 prototype beacons have already been built, with AM primary modulation, which is then FM coded. A 4th prototype beacon is under construction, with direct FM modulation, which will save on the energy of the batteries. With this system, the beacon should be able to operate for about two months.
20 May 1997 :
an officer from the French Intelligence Services (DST) called us to warn that our friend Victor Afanassiev, former first secretary of the Russian Embassy in Paris, is a colonel of KGB.. the contrary would have been more surprising. On the subject of science and "intelligence", there is a quite readable chapter in the book "Cosmic Connection" which was writen in the early seventies by astronomer Carl Sagan.
21 and 22 May 1997 :
Georges Ballini, Nicole Doutre, Guy Pignolet, Marc Zirnheld and Carolyn Wesley stuff two thousand envelopes to send a call to prospective sponsors.
26 mai 1997 :
Baptiste Marcel, of engineering school ENSEEIHT in Toulouse (marcel@len7.enseeiht.fr), is worried of the possibility of a collision of the satellite with station MIR after a few orbits : " once released, the model will ride an orbit following the laws of Kepler, (with a period close to 90 minutes. This means that 1h30m later the space station and the satellite will find themselves again at the same spot in space.

Question : how many times will the two objects fly very close of each other before they eventually collide ? - Additional question : what dammage will be caused by the collision ? destruction of a few photovoltaic cells ? - cut the antenna ? - decompress a cosmonaut ? break a window ? - I am not laughing, I do not doubt that this is a serious project, but still, I would like to know for sure " // who will answer this one ?


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N4 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



19 May 1997

12 May 1997 :
Audouin Dollfus wrote a great page of litterrature for the call to sponsors.
16 May 1997 :
Georges Ballini, Guy Pignolet and Jean-Daniel Lan Sun Luk prepare the mailing of the call towards 2 000 first level prospects, asking them to forward the call towards a second set of prospects : 500 in French only, 700 in English only, and 800 in French and English. After the second level mailings, we expect that between twenty and fifty thousand persons around the whole world will have received the call. We need 40 replies...
18 May 1997 :
the technical advancement is OK; we had assistance from Gerard Auvray of AMSAT France; the plans are to put 12 batteries in the satellite, the quartz is being ordered, and the antenna coupling study is under way. The "CB Magazine" review will publish the call in it's June issue. The magazine "Megahertz" will make an announcement in June and a special issue in July ...


TEXT OF THE CALL TO SPONSORS

A) Text of Audouin Dollfus, Astronomer, Aeronaut Member of the Board of Aero-Club de France
SPUTNIK IS 40 YEARS

Those who are 55 may tell : " I was 15 ! I remember "... A kind of astonishment ... and an awesome feeling too. News keep falling : a strange noise, from the radio. - comes from beyond the Earth. - from a contraption sent up there. - it revolves around the Earth, at a tremendous speed, in a few hours. - a kind of Moon, a satellite. - it originates from behind the Iron Curtain, from Russians who sent it up there, Soviets. - could be dangerous; what will they do with it; what will follow ? - a word is told, a strange word, full of resonance : Sputnik.

I was in the United States, on this 4 October 1957, in Harvard, and boarding a taxi to take me to the Observatory. The driver tells me ... he just heard of it. His emotion is such that he can hardly drive.

Then a few things find their place somewhat, minds too. The new information comes with a special vocabulary. They tell of a "spacecraft", a sphere with antennas, that transmits a repetitive, obsessive "radio signal", comparable to nothing else. Everyone says "beep-beep", everyone tells everyone else. The message is loaded with mystery.

The "spacecraft", well, has been sent up there by a rocket, like the ones we were talking about, but this Russian rocket must be gigantic. More words are brought forth. The "spacecraft" has entered "cosmos"; other say "space". What is it ? we need a dictionary : space = non-limited medium in which sensible objects are located. Oh ! and cosmos = the Universe considered as an organised and harmonious whole. Well, it must be some world beyond the Earth, the world which astronomers explore.

They tell of an "artificial satellite". We learn that in Russian, Sputnik means satellite. Already, a mystery has been cleared. Everyone understands : Sputnik, beep-beep. The magic of words.

Forty years have gone by. Space probes run through the Solar System, other ones have explored the worlds of the planets. Twelve men have trodden on the soil of the Moon. All the parts of our globe are tied together by space, examined, scrutinised, informed from space.

Sputnik-1 was designated "heritage of Mankind". Let's be reminded of that.

Let's also remind it ...Audouin DOLLFUS, Astronomer, Member of the Board of Administrators of Aéro-Club de France


B) Text of the call to prospects

40 sponsors for the 40 years of Sputnik

Dear Friend,
CherDear Colleague,

Let's be clear : this is about funding !
Sponsoring the "Sputnik 40 Years program is :

  • Prestige,
  • Low cost,
  • Low risk !

To implement this beautiful program, we need you, we need your help, and in the following lines, we'll tell you why we need your help and how you can do it :

  1. Why
    - the Sputnik 40 Years Project is wonderful : 40 years after Sputnik-1, a scale model of the original satellite will be launched by hand in space. The model is essentially built by students, it will "beep-beep" like its ancestor. It's beautiful, it's emotion, it's great ! The technical project is well under way : thanks to the drive and good will (a voluntary activity) of the builders, also thank to some little financial help from local sponsors, the satellite, just a metal shell with a radio beacon powered by batteries, will be completed without major difficulties. Launching it into space is a much bigger question that calls for the professionalism and the big facilities of RKK Energia, with their launchers and their MIR orbital station : it seems difficult, under the present economic situation, to do anything else than paying the price for the service.
  2. How
    - Aéro-Club de France, nor the Astronautical Federation of Russia, do not have operational funds : we must therefore call to the well understood cooperation of those who have the means and the motivation to participate. It is a beautiful endeavour to commemorate the major event which was a surprise for the world and which impressed everyone who experienced it on the 4 October 1957. We did not wish to have a single sponsor because Sputnik belongs to all Mankind : we thought that 40 sponsors would be representative of this spirit of universality while each one would still remain visible, a visibility which will be expressed in the great book of the witnesses of Sputnik. 40 shares at 30 000 French Francs or 6 000 $ US will cover the launching costs and associated expenses : it is much and little at the same time, it should not be a problem for many institutions, business, or even private persons (a share in Sputnik 40 Years is a jewel for the inner garden).
  3. You
    - can help in three ways :
    1. by forwarding this call (originally sent to 2 500 selected persons around the world) to other persons (between 10 and 100 or more) whom you will personally select in circles that you know well, considering their potential to give a positive response. If you make this effort, you will have already made a wonderful contribution to the Sputnik 40 Years program. Send us a short word to tell us how many copies of this call you have forwarded : we shall thank you by sending you a copy of the book of testimonies.
    2. by testifying of your impressions of that 4 October 1957 when the first artificial satellite of the Earth was launched. Again, Aéro-Club de France and the Astronautical Federation of Russia have limited means : you will help us if your send a one page copy-ready document, that can directly be used for printing.
    3. by asking yourself if yourself, your company, or your organisation can afford to allocate a few thousand francs or dollars to become a sponsor of Sputnik 40 Years : if you can, do it, you will be rewarded with a great inner satisfaction and you will see your name on the front pages of the book of the witnesses of Sputnik-1. This will show how much yourself, your company or your organisation are attached to the founding event of the space age.

A last word : thank you !

Commission Astronautique of Aero-Club de France 6 rue Galilee - 75116 Paris - France / fax +33 1 44 76 79 59


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C) The 40 Sponsors program (press conference of the 27 March 1997)

40 SPONSORS FOR THE 40 YEARS OF SPUTNIK
  1. A whole program to launch 4 kg...
    To celebrate the 40th anniversary of our coming of space age, Russian and French high school children are building together the first scale model satellite. Its mission : to transmit commemorative "beep-beep"s as a reminder that 40 years ago, Sputnik-1 was the first object to be sent in orbit around the Earth...

    To help the students put their satellite in orbit and highlight their feat, Aéro-Club de France and the Astronautical Federation of Russia made a promise to find the necessary quarter million dollars and more by calling world-wide for the participation of major Institutions, Business, Private Persons and all motivated men and women. AeCF and AFR offer :

    40 "tickets" at $ 6,000 and more

  2. The 1/3 scale model satellite...
    will have a diameter of 18 cm, a total mass of 4 kg, and it will transmit characteristic beep-beep's in the radio- amateur bands. The French students are assembling the electronic part of the active model, while the Russian students are building the external shell of the active model.

    The project began on the 20 February 1997. Final assembly of the satellite will be in July 1997. The scale model will be taken to the MIR station in August 1997. It will be launched in space by hand by a cosmonaut on the 4 October 1997.

    Sputnik 40 Years has a single objective : to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Sputnik-1!

  3. The partners of the program...
    ... are the builders : the young students of the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik, in the Russian Caucasus, and the students of the Radio-Club of Reydellet High School in Saint Denis de La Reunion.

    ... are the coordinators of the world-wide aspects of the Sputnik 40 Years project : the Astronautical Federation of Russia in Moscow and Aéro-Club de France in Paris.

    ... are The 40 exclusive Sponsors, the witnesses of the 40th anniversary of the coming of Mankind into Space Age.

  4. Financing the program...
    * the construction of the little satellite is managed in its own way by a call to the available resources in the regional environment of the builders.

    * the "essential" operations for launching the satellite into orbit and sending it into space and the "additional" outreaching operations for world-wide highlighting of the program are covered by the contributions of the sponsors in the form of tickets at "$ 6,000 and more".

    * The $ 6,000 will be allocated for the costs of the launch itself and for associated operations. They will be managed by Aero-Club de France on accounts located in Paris.

    * The " more ", without limits, will be allocated for the outreaching operations and managed by the Astronautical Federation of Russia on accounts located in Moscow.

  5. Channels for money..
    Only the first 40 Sponsors will have rights to the title of " Sponsor of Sputnik 40 Years ".

    The essential part of $ 6,000 will be received from the sponsors on a special account opened by Aero-Club de France. The number of essential parts will strictly be limited to the number of 40. Each contribution of $ 6,000 will be allocated as follows : a transfer of $ 4,000 will be made to a dedicated account especially assigned for the payment of the launch costs proper, and 4 equals transfers of $ 500 each will be made to the benefit of Aero-Club de France, the Astronautical Federation of Russia, the Radio-Club of Reydellet High School and the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik, who will freely use these funds for the good advancement of the project.

    The additional part, without limitations, will be directly received from the sponsors on a special account of the Astronautical Federation of Russia for use in educational operations to benefit the youth of the world.

  6. The Great Book of the Witnesses of Sputnik...
    A world-wide call will be made on the occasion of the 1997 Paris Air Show, for individual testimonies on the launch of the first artificial satellite of the Earth on the 4 October 1957.
    The manuscript will remain the joint property of Aéro-Club de France and of the Astronautical Federation of Russia. It will include the complete list of the 40 Sponsors for the 40 Years anniversary of Sputnik.

    The manuscript of the witnesses of Sputnik-1 will be released, on a non-exclusive basis, for all the Sponsors and everyone who, world-wide, will decide to use it in any form.

  7. The International Fund "Youth for Space"...
    The Astronautical Federation of Russia and Aero-Club de France have decided to establish jointly an International Fund called "Youth for Space", to promote space education activities for the youth of the whole world. The "Sputnik 40 Years" project is the first program of the International Fund to be established soon in Moscow. The International Fund will be jointly operated by the Astronautical Federation of Russia and by Aero-Club de France. When the International Fund will be effectively in operation, the assets of the special account opened in Moscow by the Astronautical Federation of Russia within the frame of the "Sputnik 40 Years" project will be transferred to the International Fund, as well as the possibly remaining funds in the dedicated account open in Paris by Aero-Club de France, after the launch costs will have been paid for Sputnik 40 Year.

    If major circumstances would prevent the launch of the Sputnik 40 Years satellite, the "dedicated part" of $ 4,000 will be returned to the sponsor or, if his choice, transfered for the benefit of the International Fund "Youth for Space".

  8. Contacts for the 40 Sponsors...
    At Aero-Club de France :
    Prof. Audouin DOLLFUS,
    Administrator of Aero-Club de France
    6 rue Galilee - 75116 Paris - France
    fax : +33 1 47 23 72 31 or +33 1 44 76 79 59
    e-mail : "Spoutnik 40"
    At the Astronautical Federation of Russia :
    Prof. Victor KOURILOV
    National Commissar for Space Flights
    3-e Proiezda Mariinoi Roscha, 40
    Moscow 127018 - Russia
    fax : +7 095 121 80 57


D) Web Addresses :

Forty years after Sputnik-1, space has become the new ground for comprehensive activities, to the benefit of citizens and business of all Mankind. In France,

http://www.CNES.fr

is the national expression of sovereignty, public authority and excellence, in a world space environment where Europe, markets and partners are key concepts.

In France, the Sputnik 40 Years program is coordinated by the Astronautical Commission of

http://www.AEROCLUB.com

with operational support of the teams of

http://www.ec-lille.fr/~U3P
http://www.oceanes.fr/~fr5fc/SPOUTNIK.html in English, in French, in Spanish


E) The Sputnik 40 Years model which was presented at the French Scale Model 1997 National Exhibit :

is visible on the WEB site http://www.oceanes.fr/~fr5fc/SPOUTNIK.html

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N3 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 12 May 1997

BLANK PAGE :
there was no N on the 31 March 1997, because I was in Naltchik, and in the republic of Kabardin-Balkar, e-mail is not yet the latest thing.

BLANK PAGE :

there was no N on the 7 April 1997, because I spent the whole night building a small model that would look nice for the French National Scale Model Fair, and then I had to struggle a week long before the French Consulate in Moscow agreed to give visas for our Russian friends to come to La Reunion...

BLANK PAGE :

there was a beginning of catch-up on the 14 April 1997 with a report on the press conference of the 27 march 1997, but it was jeopardized by last minute attempts to correct the impossibility for Vladimir Fyodorov to attend the La Reunion meeting.

BLANK PAGE :

there was no N on the 21 April 1997, because we were day and night busy with the La Reunion IAF Seminar and with the work between Reydellet and the AFR (Astronautical Federation of Russia).

BLANK PAGE :

there was no N on the 28 April 1997, because there was a 20-cm high pile of letters waiting on my desk when I returned to my Paris office.

BLANK PAGE :

there was no N on the 5 May 1997, because I spent a long week-end, putting back in order my communication systems to fully recover from the catastrophic computer failure that I had endured on the 11 March 1997...
... therefore hereafter is a "weekly" update that covers 7 weeks in one shot !


27 March 1997 :

joint Press Conference in Moscow and in Paris. In Paris, at the headquarters of Aero-Club de France, is Gerard Feldzer, President of Aero-Club de France, Audouin DOLLFUS, the astronomer, Georges Ballini, the retired Air France pilot, and Colonel Robert Genty, former President of CASAF (Astronautical Commission of Aero-Club de France, with wife Ida Genty. Here are David Haskal and Christine Arpin, of the financial headquarters of La Poste, Charles Hochman, of the Carat Advertising Spacce Agency, and Alain Barrau, President of the French National Scale Model Fair. Here is Guy Pignolet, Secretary of CASAF, Victor Afanassiev of the Russian Embassy in Paris, on the go back to Moscow, and replacement Victor Dorokhov. In Moscow, at the Institute for Medico-Biological Problems, is Victor Kourilov, National Commissar for Spaceflight at the Astronautical Federation of Russia, and assistant Nicolas Bodine. Here is Cosmonaut Valery Polyakov, Deputy Director of the IMBP Institute, and Vladimir Syromiatnikov, of RKK Energia. Here are Dr. Mark Belakovskiy and Anatoliy Choulenine, of the Institute, and Hassan Soukounov, Press Attache at the Moscow Bureau of the Kabardin-Balkar Republic, Serguei Gerasioutine, Head of the Space Department at the Earth and Universe Magazine, Igor Makourine, of Inkom Bank, and Nathalie Pottier, a French Student in the Space Vehicle Design Department at the Moscow Aviation Institute.

27 March 1997 :

the "40 Sponsors for the 40 Years of Sputnik" program is presented, with its utmost simplicity explained in a 8-page document : 40 "tickets" at $ 6 000 or "more" will be offered world-wide to support the project. The $ 6 000 of each sponsor will be received on a bank account opened in France by AeCF. They will be used for the basic operations of the project (launching the 4 kg of Sputnik 40 Years and covering the associated activities). After the payment of each exclusive funding contribution (the number will be limited to 40), an amount of $ 4 000 will be transferred to a special account, dedicated for the payment of the launch of the satellite towards the MIR Orbital Station and for the connected operations.

Four parts of an equal amount of $ 500 will be attributed to each of the main operators of the program, for the good advancement of the project : AeCF, AFR, Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik, and Reydellet School in Saint Denis.

27 March 1997 :

during the conference, there was a moment of emotion when Colonel Robert Genty, former Unique Judge of Space Records for FAI had a conversation with Valery Polyakov, world recordman of space flight duration with a grand total of 678 days in orbit, including 437 days in a row from the 1st January 1994 till the 22 March 1995. For Gerard Feldzer, President of Aero-Club de France, Sputnik 40 Years must convey a message of hope for the youth. Audouin Dollfus reminded that on the 4 October 1957, Sputnik-1 had been a "surprise" for everyone, in the whole world. Victor Kourilov announced that the final assembly and tests would take place in Moscow at RKK Energia.

28 March 1997 :

AFP France Presse Agency releases a presentation of the "40 Sponsors for the 40 Years of Sputnik" program.

SPECIAL : TRAVELLING TO NALTCHIK

29 March 1997 (Saturday) :
Georges Ballini and Guy Pignolet take off on a mission with the AFR (Astronautical Federation of Russia) and the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik. Arrival in Moscow in the snow and welcome by Victor Kourilov, Constantin Karp, Nathalie Pottier and Andre Smakhtine of MAI. A short stop at Moscow's central airport for the airline tickets to Naltchik, with a 10-minute delay due to a breakdown of the computer link between Moscow and Naltchik : even from Moscow, communication with Naltchik is not easy. Most often it is still manual (operator, 1970 style). Then we go and leave our luggage at hotel Rossia, and later we go to a restaurant where we are joined by Engineer Vladimir Syromiatnikov and wife Svetlana (they had been in La Reunion in 1993 to participate in the regional science fair). Victor Kourilov announces that he is a member of the Rotary Club in Moscow.

29 March 1997 :

Nathalie Pottier reveals the greatest secret of space construction, which she had learned from masters at the Moscow Aviation Institute : "a rocket must be SIMPLE, this is the first condition for it to work properly..."

30 March 1997 (Sunday) :

hotel Rossia remains the large bloc building with the thousands of rooms, with the lady with the keys at each floor, and with the need for an official authorisation to take visitors to the rooms. Telephone contacts are made with cosmonaut Jean-Pierre Haignere, at Star City, and with cosmonaut Alexandre Serebrov. In 1993, Alexandre Serebrov had launched, by hand, the first model made by the students in Naltchik, a scale model of Tsiolkovsky's rocket. Alexandre Serebrov and wife Ekaterina accept to come to La Reunion to meet the students of Reydellet High School.

30 March 1997 :

departure from Moscow's domestic airport, with Nicolas Bodine, on board of a YAK-42 aircraft. 1n 1957, Georges Ballini, an airline pilot, had landed at this Domodedovo airport for the inaugural Air France flight between Paris and Moscow. We arrive in Naltchik after 2 1/2 hours of flight and a view of Mount Elbrous, the highest mountain in Europe, with 5640 m. Surprise ! we land at Naltchik itself on an international airport THAT WAS NOT REPORTED on the official IGN - Marco Polo Map which we had bought in Paris. As we exit the airport, taximen rush upon us : "taxi for Grozny, taxi for Grozny..."; we were told that "all kinds of persons" transit through Naltchik to access Tchetchenia, 200 km away.

30 March 1997 :

welcome by Hussein Mussabivitch Dikinov, Director of the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik (the school) and his team. Installation in a hotel, a former health residence for communist party staff. We are told not to drink water from the tap. Diner at the school's restaurant, with toast and vodka at each course. Night excursion to a hill with a giant statue (a hundred feet ?) of the regional version of Prometheus (who took fire from the gods). A splendid sight of the Hale-Bopp comet. Back to the room and exploring the radio waves : there is no FM radio station in Naltchik.

31 March 1997 (Monday) :

breakfast at the school, then official visit to the Minister of Education of the Republic of Kabardin-Balkar, Mikhail Balkirov, and his deputy, Anatoli Charonanov. Miracle in the office of Anatoli Charonanov when, for the first time, a fax can be sent from Naltchik and La Reunion. M. Balkirov says that he will be in Paris in June for a "Kabardin-Balkar Week". (Might it be possible to envision an extension to La Reunion to meet his "counterpart", the Rector of La Reunion ?)

31 March 1997 :

visit at the school and meeting with the Russian team responsible for the construction of Sputnik 40 Years. Here are a dozen students and teachers (including the young Roman Pluginkov who was in the Paris delegation on the 20 December 1996). A ceremony for two old-timers who had participated in the creation of Baikonur. Then a presentation of the Sputnik 40 Years project and work meeting for the definition of the technical interface between the two parts.: the mechanical part will be made in two parts with an inside diameter of 18 cm and the radio part will be contained in a cylinder with an external diameter of 11 cm and a length of 14 cm; both parts will be assembled together along a ring surface at one end of the cylinder.

31 March 1997 :

visit of the school, with the traditional costume workshop, aircraft modelling, school museum, mechanical workshop (good equipment, but "from the 70's"), the computer room (PC with Windows and CDROM). An external fax-modem brought from France is installed, without success in connecting, in spite of the telephone support from Kirill Simon, from Moscow : it's old time telephone for long distance calls, with a manual call through an operator who calls back some ten minutes later to give the line. Hard time for faxes and for Internet. It seems that there are some possibilities of "good" lines, but they are expensive. Seemingly, there is a "direct" line from the office of the director, with a fax, but the attempts at calling La Reunion or other regions of France are in vain.

It might be a good idea to consider the school as an isolated ship in the middle of a communication desert, and to install an Inmarsat terminal, but where to find it ? This idea has been suggested to Victor Kurilov and Nicolas Bodine (as well as the idea to install e-mail in the offices of the AFR in Moscow; where it would work ok; I have several e-mail contacts in Moscow with other persons, with no problems..)

31 March 1997 :

diner at the school, with "tradition and culture". Special bread and a delicious broth. Toast and vodka every 10 minutes. At the end of the meal, the master of the table shares a half-head of a mutton : the eye for the youngest so he may see all, the nose to the guest on his left so he may "smell" all, the ear to the guest on his right so he may hear all, and the brains for the master of the table himself so he may understand all.

And at the very end of the diner, a standing toast, a very intense moment of tradition, which may be experienced, but difficult to tell with words. Translations are made by Mohammed, a former English teacher called to help. He translates between Russian and English. He translates between Kabardin and English. Russian is not the natural language of many of our guests. Nicolas Bodine, who lives in Moscow and is also in Naltchik for the first time, is just as lost as we are, kind of stranger in Kabardinia...

31 March 1997 :

in the gymnastic hall of the school, students give us a very nice demonstration of Karate. The practice of Karate is compulsory, considered as essential for education. At the same time at 20 hours, same local time in La Reunion and Naltchik, there has been a radioamateur link with Jean-Paul Marodon. We listen to the recording in the office of Hussein Dikinov, we have to listen hard, but the message gets through.

01 April 1997 :

touristic excursion in the region of the Elbrous, with a departure from the hotel at half past seven and breakfast at the school. Police road blocks as we exit Naltchik and when we enter Tourniaz. Snack and beer in the snow at the foot of the Chibets ski resort, with an officer of the Plessek space base who is here on a ski vacation. Climbing to an altitude of 2400 m and view on the Elbrous, which means "the breasts". With some imagination, we can see two breast-shaped summits, with their tits pointing to the sky...

01 April 1997 :

returning down in the valley and visiting a technical high school in Tourniaz. Welcome with traditional dances by the students. Everything which is art and body expression is here an integral part of learning, just as language, mathematics or science. There are some computers, early eighties generation, but advanced computers are not perceived as a must : playing with large quantities of information is not the most important, we are told : what matters is good comprehensive understanding, how the world is made, how we live, and to have this well integrated in the heads of the students... " .

A "good" diner with the ladies in charge of the school : the Director of the high school and a regional science Supervisor. Traditional mountain pie based on a mix of potatoes and cheese. The gentlemen stand up when they propose toasts in the honor of the ladies. By tradition, ladies should have no right to propose toasts, but they take this right. We are in a non- religious civilian Moslem republic. By the way, the word "republican" is written in many public places.

01 April 1997 :

in the 80's, after perestroika, some Americans businessmen came to the Tourniaz valley, asking for mining rights on the re-use (gigantic artificial hills) of molybdenum and tungsten ore. In exchange, they offered to build a "free" railway. The government of Kabardin-Balkar said no thanks.

02 April 1997 :

after a breakfast at the school, we visited the University in Naltchik. We met with three teachers of French language and their 20 students (17 girls and 3 boys). Most of them had difficulties with their parents (why did you take up French ?) and the teachers, with great courage, have to fight to maintain French on the curriculum. Great success for the 10-minutes video "Spoutnik 40 Ans" made by the video workshop of Reydellet High School. One of the Naltchik teachers spent three years in Paris in the 70's, preparing a PhD thesis on Caucasian languages. He speaks Kabardinian and French, not Russian. As we pass the front entrance of the University, we see that most inscriptions are bilingual, Russian and Kabardinian.

02 April 1997 :

meeting with the Director of Foreign Affairs of the University of Naltchik (5000 students in Naltchik, plus 3000 other remote students on mail programs). On the business card there is e-mail address [ later, from Paris, I'll try to connect, without success : ----- The following addresses had permanent fatal errors ----- ----- Transcript of session follows ----- 550 ... Host unknown (Name server: kbgu-1.nalchik.su: host not found)]... The only communication that works with Naltchik is telephone, if you are patient, and fax when relayed through Moscow, sometimes. Something has to be done...

02 April 1997 :

lunch at the school, chaired by Felix, the Deputy Director. There are 120 teachers in the school, including 4 "candidates" (top level)... The buildings are hardly bigger than at Reydellet High School, but in fact, it's a big education factory : there are 1 200 students proper, aged 12 to 18, in various programs with a 1, 2 or 3 years duration, leading to "certificates" or preparing for higher education famous institutions, like MAI for instance, the Moscow Aviation Institute. 4 000 other students belong to other schools, they come here 2 times a week for 2 hours to attend lectures. And 4 000 more students of other schools in the city benefit from lectures by teachers of the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education when the teachers go and visit them in their own schools for lectures or supervision. Hussein Dikinov, Director of the school and the hierarchical superior of professor Vladimir Fyodorov, is a former submarine commander.

02 April 1997 :

as lunch finishes, we are joined by the professor in charge of Karate education in the school. He just returns from Copenhagen, where he won a bronze medal in the 1997 world championship.

02 April 1997 :

from the office of Hussein Dikinov, we make telephone contact with Francois Bellino, who represents the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the Caucasian region. Bellino has an office in Krasnodar, at the west end of the mountains, one night away by train. He came once to the University of Naltchik a few weeks before us. This morning it was only the second time that the University students had met with "real" Frenchmen. Francois Bellino has an assistant, she may come from time to time to Naltchik.

02 April 1997 :

in the afternoon, we visit a kindergarten, which receives "guidance" from the school. The kids "breathe" in the world of space activities since they were 2 years old. They do things which are similar to experimental activities which were conducted in some schools in the south of France at the end of the 80's.

02 April 1997 :

the diner is chaired by Soltan, the Technical Director of the school. Soltan "can cope" with the Russian language, but he is more expressive, more comfortable when he speaks Kabardinian.

02 April 1997 :

evening meeting at Anatoli "Tolik"s, a bank manager, also a radioamateur. New miracle of the radio waves : at 20 hours, the connection with La Reunion and Jean-Paul Marodon is established for a small chat. Third major meal of the day, with Tolik's family. The world of radioamateurs is a wonderful word.

03 April 1997 :

in the hotel, at 2 a.m. , before going to sleep, Nicolas Bodine and Guy Pignolet make the final preparation of the text and drawings for the interface protocol for Sputnik 40 Years.

03 April 1997 :

breakfast with our guests at the school. Toasts and vodka. Car drivers put plain water in their little glasses, has the same color.

03 April 1997 :

in the office of Hussein Dikinov, we exchange gifts, the video cassettes from Reydellet, songs from La Reunion and Bourbon vanilla on one side, a large painting of Mount Elbrous, carved metal plates and mountain horns on the other side. Four hands sign the technical interface protocol for Sputnik 40 Years. Cameras click for the souvenir photos.

03 April 1997 :

at the Naltchik airport, we all say good-bye. Boarding the YAK-42. Running the engines, then the engines stop. There is a problem. Maybe the plane will leave at 3 p.m. . At 1 p.m., the plane will not leave any more, we have to wait for the evening plane to take us to Moscow. Most passengers disembark et return home. Our little space party has nothing else to do, we stay on board and, while the technicians get busy in the engine section, we have a long conversation with the pilot and the commander of the airport.

Half a dozen heavy duty helicopters sit alongside of the runway, geared for emergency rescue or construction work (the famous "sky cranes") but they are idle. They stay there, and fly only once or twice a month. There is no more public money to buy fuel for them. In the same way, public funding has become scarce for education or the maintenance of school buildings. At the beginning of this year, a scientist of Naltchik committed suicide, because he had not been paid for six months.

But in Naltchik, there are plenty of cars, even beautiful Mercedes. Naltchik, with 300 000 permanent inhabitants, with its large streets ant its parks, is a spa city, spreading on a gentle slope at the foot of the Caucasus mountains. During the summer season, people come here for 3-week health vacation, in four successive waves. And all around the year, there is mountain tourism and ski. "In the time of the soviets", when travelling by plane was inexpensive, people came even from Kamtchatka, from the other end of Russia. There were almost one and half million "tourists" every year. Now, air fares have gone up, a lot, and in 1996, the vacation business went down to 250 000 people only...

The two Aeroflot YAK-42 (120 seats) which are based in Naltchik shuttle twice a day between Naltchik and Moscow. But they also fly to Krasnodar and Erevan, Ankara and Istanbul in Turkey and ... twice a week, they fly to Dubai, in the Arabian Emirates, for "shopping flights", with some 70 or 80 passengers who go there to buy nice gadgets...

While we were waiting, with the Russian pilots and with Georges Ballini, a former airline pilot himself, we began to dream : there are 7 000 km between Naltchik and La Reunion, while the Naltchik-Moscow-Paris- LaReunion route is almost the double, with 14 000 km. We saw that Naltchik's YAK-42's, as well as Air Reunion's small Boeings, could fly the short route with stops, technical or else, in Dubai and in the Seychelles. With the help of tour operators, a hundred-some Russians who go for errands in Dubai might like to extend to La Reunion to discover unique, world class, breathtaking landscapes and a top level tourist environment. Possibly, a hundred-some Reunionnese might wish to go summer-skiing between the breasts of the highest mountain in Europe. It could be a charter flight : Aeroflot would make a round trip, and a week or ten days later, Air Reunion would do the other round-trip. And there would be about twenty free seats for students and teachers from La Reunion and from Kabardin-Balkar. This is only a dream. But we like dreams when they are potential reality.

03 April 1997 :

in the evening, we arrive in Moscow, where Victor Kurilov and Nicolas Bodine take us to an apartment for the night. On the next day, we take the first Air France Flight and return to Paris.

07 April 1997 :

after a sleepless night assembling and gluing together a (static) model of the (functional) scale model of Sputnik-1, the model is ready for presentation at the Paris Exhibition Parc at Porte de Versailles, in Paris. The model of Sputnik 40 Years has been invited at the Model and Scale Model French National Fair by the President of the Fair, Alain Barrau. The model was hosted by the French Federation for Scale Modelling during the whole week of the national exhibit.

07 April 1997 :

opening of a specific Internet site for Sputnik 40 Years :
http://www.oceanes.fr/~fr5fc/spoutnik.html

10 April 1997 :

top of a world contest for the logo of Sputnik 40 Years (details on the web).

16 April 1997 :

official reception at the Aero-Club de France in Paris : President Gerard Feldzer welcomes Victor Kurilov, Nicolas Bodine, in the presence of Audouin Dollfus, Guy Pignolet, and Max Bishop, General Secretary of the Federation Aeronautique Internationale FAI.

17 April 1997 :

Victor Kurilov and Nicolas Bodine join the party of twenty space educators on their way to La Reunion for the 7th Seminar on the Future of Space Education, which is organised by the International Astronautical Federation IAF. The kick-off party is organised by CNARM, the House of La Reunion in Paris, with punch and Creole dance demonstration.

18 April 1997 :

welcome of the IAF delegation by the Reunion Tourism Committee. The official party is organised by the city of Saint Denis de La Reunion. The Sputnik 40 Years program is presented, with the participation of many officials, especially from the world of education, and the exceptional participation of cosmonaut Alexandre Serebrov.

18 April 1997 :

diner at the Reydellet High School, with all the partners of the project, and delivery of the gifts offered by the Naltchik School.

19 April 1997 :

AFR and Radio-Club Reydellet meet all afternoon in Sainte-Rose to work out a detailed technical definition of the plans for the Sputnik 40 Years satellite. Nathalie Pottier, of MAI, does the technical translation between Russian and French.

23 April 1997 :

technical work is continued at the Reydellet High School in Saint Denis. At 14:30, an official reception takes place at the Palace of the Regional Council. The Elbrous painting is offered to the Vice- President of Region Reunion.

23 April 1997 :

Victor Kurilov, Nicolas Bodine, Nathalie Pottier and Jean Paul Marodon present the Sputnik 40 Years program at the Rotary Club in Saint Denis.

24 April 1997 :

cosmonaut Alexandre Serebrov, Victor Kourilov, Hans von Muldau (President of the Education Committee of the IAF) and Guy Pignolet are officially received by Robert Pommies, the Prefect of La Reunion, in the presence of Jean-Claude Pieribattesti, the regional delegate of the French Ministry of Research and Technology.

09 May 1997 :

meeting between Audouin Dollfus and Guy Pignolet for the preparation of the funding campaign "40 sponsors".

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N2 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 24 March 1997

BLANK PAGE :

there was no N on the 17 March 1997, because the portable computer on which I work had the bad idea to fail (power system breakdown) while I was on a mission with the Young Reporters for the Environment (Wireless Power Transportation and future power stations in orbit). No information was lost, but it took the time to return to my Paris office to scotch the pieces together.

12 March 1997 :

the Astronautical Federation of Russia (AFR) has sent an invitation to Aero-Club de France (AeCF) for Georges Ballini and Guy Pignolet to make a technical visit in Naltchik between the 30 March and the 3 April 1997.

17 March 1997 :

during a meeting between AFR and AeCF, the program "40 sponsors for the 40 Years of Sputnik is accepted and a press conference will be organised simultaneously in Paris and in Moscow on the 27 March 1997. The press conference will be at 3 p.m. local time in Paris and 5 p.m. local time in Moscow.

17 March 1997 :

the AFR has sent AeCF a draft of 11 pages for the protocol for the creation of the International Fund Youth for Space. It is a long term cooperation program, where Sputnik 40 Years is the first project. This proposition will be studied in detail by AeCF and the final agreement should be signed within a few weeks. Considering the short delays, the 40 Sponsors program has been organised, for the "essential" part in a way which is not dependent on the creation of the Fund.

18 March 1997 :

release of the 10-minute film which has been made (in French and in English) by the audio- visual workshop of Reydellet High-School for the promotion of Sputnik 40 Years.

20 March 1997 :

Radio-Club Reydellet succeeds (with some difficulty) a radioamateur with the radio club of the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik and it was possible to speak with the young Roman Plouginkov (who was in Paris on the 20 December 1996).

20 March 1997 :

the professional lithium batteries Sonnenschein SL780, with a capacity of 13 Ah and a mass of 100 grammes have been identified as being possibly the most efficient and best suitable for the speciific needs of the small Sputnik 40 Years satellite.

20 March 1997 :

twelve radioamateurs meet at ORSTOM in Saint-Denis de La Reunion to discuss various options for the construction of the radio module.

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N1 SPUTNIK 40 YEARS UPDATE



Monday 10 March 1997

It has been forty years already since we entered space age ! Would you believe it ? There may be a need for a small reminder : the Astronautical Federation of Russia, in cooperation with Aero-Club de France, has decided to make a world event around the launch, in space, of a functional scale model of Sputnik-1. It will be made in cooperation by students in Naltchik, in the Russian Republic of Kabardin-Balkar, and by French students in a high school in Saint Denis de La Reunion. Each Monday, we shall keep you informed (in French) of the rapid progress of the project, by e-mail or fax. There will be an English version each Thursday.

20 December 1996 :

original meeting in Paris. Victor Kurilov and Nicolas Bodine of the Astronautical Federation of Russia, and Vladimir Fyodorov, of the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik, in the presence of Victor Afanassiev, First Secretary of the Embassy of Russia in Paris, make an offer to associate with France to buid a scale model of Sputnik-1. On the same day, the Reydellet High School, headed by Jean- Paul Marodon, is selected to be the French partner of the Russian students.

12 to 19 January 1997 :

Jean-Paul Marodon and Guy Pignolet write up the presentation document for the Sputnik 40 Years project.

10 February 1997 :

Jean-Claude Prat, Headmaster of Lycee Charles De Gaulle in Muret, offers the support of his school to the Sputnik 40 Years project.

12 February 1997 :

the Board of U3P, the Union for the Promotion of Photonic Propulsion decides to support the Sputnik 40 Years project.

13 February 1997 :

Gerard Feldzer, President of Aero-Club de France, writes to Victor Kurilov and announces his decision to coordinate the project for the French part.

18 February 1997 :

the decision is made to start officially the Sputnik 40 Years program, as well as a long term cooperation between the Astronautical Federation of Russia and Aero-Club de France. On the same day, Georges Ballini, of AeCF, takes off for Moscow to organise the video conference with La Reunion and to represent AeCF at the protocol ceremony.

19 February 1997 :

Craig Underwood, of Surrey Satellite Technology, in the UK, announces the support of his team to the Sputnik 40 Years project. Victor Afanassiev and Audouin Dollfus, of Aero-Club de France, take off for La Reunion to respectively represent the Russian part and AeCF. During the night, Helva Payet, in Paris, makes the French translation of the original protocol documents, written in Russian language.

20 February 1997 :

the protocols for the French-Russian cooperation in terms of space education, on one hand, and for the Sputnik 40 Years project on the other hand, are signed simultaneously in Moscow and in Saint-Denis de La Reunion during a video conference organised by SEM Protel of Region Reunion. In Moscow, we have Victor Kourilov and Nicolas Bodine of the Astronautical Federation of Russia, Victor Fyodorov and Hussein Dikinov, Director of the Laboratory for Polytechnic Education in Naltchik, as well as cosmonaut Valery Poliakhov, recordman of the longest time in space. France is represented by Georges Ballini and by cosmonaut Jean-Pierre Haignere, both of them delegates of AeCF. In Saint Denis de La Reunion we have astronomer Audouin Dollfus, representing AeCF, and Jean-Paul Marodon, Head of Reydellet High School. We have the students of the Radio-Club of Reydellet High School, and Daniel Quasimodo, Director of the Francois Mitterand House of Communication, who makes the translation for the signature ceremony for the protocols where both Russian and French languages are spoken.

Margie Sudre, a Minister of the French Government in charge of supporting and developing the use of French language in the world, and also the President of Reunion's Regional Council is chairing the ceremony. Other participants are M. Dassonville, representing the Prefect of La Reunion, General Dallenbach, Commander in Chief of the French Forces in the South of the Indian Ocean, Jean-Pierre Benejam, Rector of the Academy of La Reunion, Alain Deport, Regional Director for Industry, Research and Environment, Michel Vignand, representing the General Council of La Reunion, and Jean-Claude Pieribattesti, Regional Delegate for Research and Technology.

20 February 1997 :

Victor Hamon, Director of ESEO, an Electronic Engineering School in Angers, France, gives the support of his school for the Spoutnik 40 Years project.

26 February 1997 :

CASAF, the Astronautic Commission of AeCF approves the "40 Sponsors for the 40 years of Sputnik" program to fund the launch of the scale model of Sputnik-1 in space. CASAF also approves the organisation of a world collection of testimonies for "Sputnik 40 Years", to be announced to the media on the occasion of the 1997 Paris Air Show.

3 March 1997 :

Jacques Lenormand, Olivier de La Serre, David Hascal and Christine Arpin, of La Poste, take the decision to help the organisation for the funding of the Sputnik 40 Years project.

6 March 1997 :

the "40 Sponsors for the 40 Years of Sputnik" is accepted by the Russian part. A world-wide call will be made to institutions, business, and private persons. The organisation of the essential part (launching and associated activities) is attributed to the French part. The organisation of additional promotion activities is attributed to the Russian part. In the same time, and in parallel, the Russian part and the French part will work towards the establishment of the International Fund Youth for Space.

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